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Anatomy 2 Review for Angiology and Hematology

Wall dividing the thoracic from the abdominal cavities: Diaphragm
Action of blood cells escaping the vascular system by passing through the walls of the capillaries is called : diapedesis
Arteries have three layers in their walls while arterioles have : 2
Blood cells make up approximately __ % of the blood volume. 45%
Blood cells responsible for clotting are called: Platelets or thrombycytes
Blood cells responsible for fighting –off infections. White blood cells or Leukocytes
Blood cells which contain hemoglobin. Erythrocytes or red blood cells
Blood type __ is said to be the universal donor. Type O Blood
Blood vessels that carry the blood in the general direction towards the heart Vein
**Innermost layer of an artery or vein is made up of this type of basic (Elemental) body tissue:
Middle layer of the wall of the heart is called : Myocardium
Name of the individual credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood. Sir William Harvey Kent of England or Ibn Al-Naphis of Damascus
**Name six functions of Blood 1. Trasport 02, co2, food, wates, hormones, etc 2. temperature regulation 3. control of pH 4. Control of water balance 5. Defense against infection and immunity 6. Repair and regeneration processes (healing processes)
Normal pH of blood is : 7.3 to 7.4
Outer layer of an artery or vein is called the: Tunica Adventitia or Tunica Externa
Portion of the blood that is about95% water: Plasma
Portion of the blood that is about 95% water: Plasma
Process by which a blood cell surrounds, engulfs and destroys foreign substances: phagocytosis
Processes by which leukocytes surround, ingest, and destroy foreign substances in the blood stream. Phagocytosis
Region Immediately inferior to the hypochondriac region of the abdomen: Umbilical Region
Study of Blood is called : Hematology
Study of the circulatory system, including the blood lymph, hear, arteries, veins, and lymph vessels is called: Angiology
Study of the body that deals with the blood, heart, arteries, veins, and lymphatics is called: Circulatory System.
The term visceral refers to: to the organs contained within a body cavity.
Term which means the study of blood: Hematology
Vessel leaving the heart that carries blood towards all parts of the body: arteries
Characteristics of Blood: Color is due to Iron in the blood, Temperature is 28degrees Celsius or 100.3 degrees Fahrenheit, Specific gravity is slightly greater than water at 1.041 to 1.067, pH (hydrogen ion concentration) is 7.3 to 7.4. (Slightly Basic or Alkaline)
Another name for Blood cells is : Corpuscles or Formed Elements
3 types of Blood Cells: Red Blood Cells or Erythrocytes; White blood cells or Leukocytes and Platelets or Thrombocytes
Blood cells make up __ % of blood volume. 45%
Plasma makes up __ % of blood volume. 55%
Characteristics of Red Blood cells: Shape: Biconcave; Size: 7.7 Micros; No.: most numerous 4 to 6 billion per mm3; Funct: Carry o2 and co2; Contains: Hemoglobin -breaks down into Billiverdin and Bilirubin (Green & Yellow Pigment); Life: 1-4 months; Diapedesis
Characteristics of White Blood cells: Shape: Spherical like a ball; Size: avg. 10 Microns; Number: Least numerous: 5,000 to 10,000 per mm3; function: fight off infections through Phagocytosis; Life span: few days to few weeks; Diapedesis: passing through the vessel wall
Characteristics of Platelets: Shape: Disc Shape; Size: about 3 microns; Number: 2nd most numerous at 130 to 360,000 per mm3; Function: Clotting or coagulation; Diapedisis: passing through the vessel wall
Another name for Gall bladder is: Bile sac
Define Billirubin: Yellow pigment formed in decomposition of hemoglobin
Devine Billiverdin: Green pigment formed in decomposition of hemoglobin
Define icterus: Jaundice
Define Jaundice: When the liver fails to remove bilirubin/billiverdin from the circulatory system; accumulation of bile pigments
Define Phagocytes: Cells that surround, engulf and destroy foreign substances of the blood
Define Phagocytosis: Process of surrounding, engulfing and destroying foreign substances of the blood
Define Serum: Plasma that has clotting factors removed
List some of the common components of Plasma: ***
The Universal donor type: Type O Blood
The Universal recipient type: Type AB Blood
What are the four blood types: A, B, O and AB
What is Erythroblastosis fetalis?: Condition in which the pregnant mother is Rh negative and the baby is Rh Positive. Mother’s body may build antibodies against the baby’s body, which will cause the mother’s body to reject the baby.
What is the Rh factor? Blood protein
What percentage of the population does not have the Rh factor? 15%
What percentage of the population has the Rh factor? 85%
Who can give blood to another person? Any other human donor with compatible blood type and Rh factor
Created by: e_pena