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alcohols All have OH groups attached to one or more carbons in a chain. The functional group for alcohols is OH
important alcohols Ethyl alcohol: alcoholic beverages glycerol: glycerin, cosmetics
organic chemistry chemistry of atoms containing carbon
macromolecules large, sometimes complex structures that may contain hundreds of atoms four major groups: - carbohydrates - lipids - proteins - nucleic acids
carbohydrates groups of carbon & oxygen atoms – they may be simple and relatively small or large and complex - monosaccharides - disaccharides - polysaccharides
lipids also consisting of carbon and oxygen atoms but usually consisting of long chains of atoms (hydrophobic) - oils, waxes, other fats
carboxyl (-COOH) fatty acids, amino acids
hydroxyl (-OH) alcohols, carbohydrates
Amino (NH2) amino acids
Phosphate (-PO4) DNA, ATP
simple sugars monosaccharide such as glucose. THE food molecules of cells
Disaccharides two monosaccharides.
polysaccharides Many monosaccharides.
types of carbohydrates - starch (potato) - glycogen (liver) - cellulose (algae) - chitin (tick)
monosaccharides Simplest, most sweet tasting, water soluble. 5 or 6 carbons - fructose - glucose: energy source - ribose -deoxyribose
sucrose (C12H22O11) disaccharide. energy source.
polysaccharides - glycogen - starch -cellulose - chitin
Created by: pammy7130