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Literary Terms Gr.9

Literary Terms for Grade 9 Ontario English

The sequence of events in a story? Plot
A person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work Character
A scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate to events that occurred in the past Flashback
A character or a force in conflict with a main character or protagonist Antagonist
A contradiction between what happens and what is expected is? Irony
A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas is? Simile
The central message, concern, or purpose in a literary work is? Theme
Writing or speech that is not to be taken literally is? Figurative Language
A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics is? Personification
A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else. Does NOT use "like or as" Metaphor
The perspective or vantage point, from which a story is told is? Point of View
The author's use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story is? Foreshadowing
The turning point or the high point in the action of the plot. It is the moment of greatest tension. Climax
A reference to a well known person, events, place, literary work, or work of art in a story or novel is? Allusion
In the plot of a story or a drama, it introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation is? Exposition
The outcome of the conflict in a plot is? Resolution A struggle between opposing forces is? Conflict
Anything that stands for or represents something else is? Symbol
The main character in a literary work is? Protagonist
The time and place of the action is? Setting
Succession of similar sounds; occurs in the repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of successive words (cool, cats) Alliteration
Long narratives tracing the adventures of popular heroes Epic
Conventional combination of literary form & subject matter; implies a pre-existing understanding between the artist and the reader about the purpose & rules of the work Genre
Short poem expressing the thoughts & feelings of a single speaker (first person) Lyric
Extended speech made by a single character Monologue
Telling of true or fictitious events by a narrator;can be either verse or prose and focus on the depiction of events or happenings Narrative
Secondary arrangement of incidents, involving not the protagonist but someone less important Subplot
Part of play or narrative, including the exposition, in which events start moving toward a climax Rising Action
Events in a narrative that follow the climax & bring the story to it's conclusion, or denouement Falling Action
All the distinctive ways in which an author, genre, movement, or historical period uses language to create a literary work; depends on characteristic use of diction, imagery, tone, syntax, & figurative language Style
The use of words to create a mental picture. Often refers to a sensory experience. The pattern or collection of images within a poem. Imagery
is the attitude the poet takes towards the subject. For example: informal, formal, solemn, playful serious, ironic, condescending, grave, and many others. Armosphere/Mood
is the attitude the poet takes towards the audience. For example: informal, formal, solemn, playful serious, ironic, condescending, grave, and many others. Tone
A narrative poem, usually containing much repetition and a repeated refrain. Often tell of a single episode. Ballad
Poetry that doesn't conform to an regular metre. Line length is irregular. There may or may not be a rhyme scheme. Free Verse
Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Meant to echo speech. Blank Verse
Rhyme that occurs at some place before the last syllable in a line. Internal Rhyme
A poem that tells a story. for example: an epic or a ballad. Narrative Poetry
A poem with one speaker (not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought and feeling. for example an elegy, ode, or sonnet. Lyric Poetry
Lyric poem of moderate length. Often praises people, the arts, natural scenes, or abstract concepts. Ode
A stanza of four lines. Rhyme scheme may vary: the most common rhyme scheme is abab. Quatrain
The sound of the word in a poem mimics the sound to which it refers. for example: thud, crackle, buzz, boink, Grrr, Cuckoo. Onomatopoeia
A form of Japanese poetre that states in 3 lines of five, seven, and five syllables - a clear picture designed around a distinct emotion and suggests spiritual insight. Haiku
When the poet employs the use of sounds that are unpleasant to the ear. May be used for effect. For example: Hiss, Spit, Pus. Cacophony
When the poet employs the use of sounds that are pleasant or pleasing to the ear. May be used for effect. Euphony
The even or situation that causes conflict for the main character, gets the action of the story started Inciting Force
How the conflict is resolved, tension is released and normalcy is restored. Denouement
The emotional and imaginative associating surrounding a word, the feeling, images, and memories that surround a word. Connotation
The dictionary meaning of a word. Denotation
The pattern of rhyme between lines of a poem or song Rhyme Scheme
The use of exagerationg as a rhetorical device. Hyperbole
The quality of a literary work that makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events Suspense
a narrator who tells the story from a biased, or erroneous perspective. She or he provides inaccurate, misleading, conflicting, or otherwise questionable information, and/or misinterprets events because of personal bias, limited understanding, etc Unrealiable Narrator
Recurring object, concept or structure in a work of lietrature, like light and dark when speaking of good and evil Motif
the ordinary form of spoken and written language whose unit is the sentence, rather than the line as it is in poetry Prose
A figure of speech that makes brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object. Allusion
The “voice,” the person “speaking” in the poem Speaker
When the choice of words affect the level of formality and the mood Diction
A groupig of lines in a poem. Stanza
The narrator tells the story and accounts for the thoughts, feelings, motives and actions of all the characters. The narrator uses the pronouns she and he. Third Person Omniscient POV
The narrator is outside the story and tells the story through the eyes of only one character. Limited third person uses the pronouns she and he. Third Peron LImited POV
A character from the sotry narrates using the pronoun "I" First Person POV
The narrator is the voice/person telling a story. The narrator keeps the story moving and provides detail between dialogue. The narrator may speak from different points of view. Narrative POV
A character that does not change throughout the book Static Character
Dynamic characters are the opposite. They undergo some kind of change (they learn, develop, even regress) over the course of the work. Dynamic Character
A character based on simple stereotypes stock character
Complex characters, like people in real life. Realistic Characters
Developped characters that have more than 2 traits Round Characters
Characters that are not very developped, with one or two character traits Flat Characters
The techniques used to portray or describe a character (through a character’s dialogue, actions and interactions, or thoughts, as well as through what other characters say and think about him or her). Characterization
Person vs. self Internal Conflict
Person vs. Person Person vs. Society Person vs. nature Person vs. fate External Conflict
Created by: su11armstrong



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