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Digestive System HS1

QuestionAnswer
Stomach the enlarged muscular sac-like part of the alimentary canal in which food is stored until it has been partially digested and rendered into chyme.
Liver brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five lobes and functioning in the secretion of bile and various metabolic processes.
Small Intestine The longest part of the alimentary canal, consisting of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, in which digestion is completed
Large Intestine the part of the alimentary canal consisting of the cecum, colon, and rectum. It extracts moisture from food residues, which are later excreted as feces
Pancreas a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin.
Epiglottis a thin, valve-like, cartilaginous structure that covers the glottis during swallowing, preventing the entrance of food and drink into the larynx.
Rectum the comparatively straight, terminal section of the intestine, ending in the anus.
Esophagus a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach
Salivary Amylase an enzyme in the saliva that converts starch into dextrin and maltose.
Bolus a soft, roundish mass of chewed food.
Gallbladder a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the under surface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated.
Created by: chaura15