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Test 4 CJ

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following is unlikely to be the dependent variable in a study? sex
___ means that only the researcher can link data / responses to the subject and that this knowledge will be protected. confidentiality
The ____________ refers to the tendency of respondents to behave unusually when they are aware they are being observed. It was identified in a study of plant workers at the Western Electric Company Hawthorne effect
Other events besides the treatment variable which may occur during the course of an experiment are called history
Which of the following is not a key element of the classical experimental design isolation of subjects
Recidivism is the number of times a person has been arrested after being released from prison, and adjudicated guilty, and sentenced to jail or prison again. This is an example of what kind of definition? operational definition
The independent variable in a study is: the variable which causes the other variables
The dependent variable in a study: is denoted by the letter Y
Which describes the type of treatment given to a control group in an experiment? no treatment or standard treatment
Attempts to provide "plausible explanations of reality" is a description of: theory
The ___effect refers to observer bias in which observers follow an initial tendency to rate objects or persons in a particular manner. The initial orientation carries over into all subsequent ratings. halo effect
_____are concepts that have been operationalized variables
The measurement and analysis of a single variable at many successive time periods is called a time series design
Which of the following is usually the first step in the research process? problem formulation
Assume you want to conduct an experiment to study the effects of participation in an anger management program on conduct violations committed by inmates at Calipatria State Prison. Look at the design below. What would the O2 represent in the design? dependent variable
____ are abstract tags put on reality and are the beginning point in all scientific investigations.. concepts
_are propositional relationships specifying how two or more variables are related. hypotheses
Which of the following is not an advantage of experiments: create artificial conditions
Assume you want to conduct an experiment to study the effects of participation in an anger management program on conduct violations committed by inmates at Calipatria State Prison. Which variable would be the experimental , or independent variable? participation in anger management program
Assume you want to conduct an experiment to study the effects of participation in an anger management program on conduct violations committed by inmates at Calipatria State Prison. Look at the design below. What would the E represent in the design? randomization
Biological or psychological changes in the respondents during the course of a study which are not due to the experimental variable are called maturation
Which of he following is not one of the steps necessary to establish causality randomization
Research concerned with addressing and providing solutions to immediate problems in the justice system is called applied research
Many Hispanics do not have the same preoccupation with time especially in social situations
Police performance is how well an officer performs his duties while on duty. This is an example of what kind of definition? constitutive definition
Older residents are more likely to have a greater fear of crime. This is an example of what kind of hypothesis? alternate hypothesis
Created by: jazmincarrillo