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Ch 6 Key Terms

Ch6 - Nutrition & Weight Management Key Terms

The sum of all physical and chemical processes that take place in the body; the conversion of food into energy. Metabolism
Substances that provide nourishment. Nutrients
A unit of heat. Calorie
Any of a class of complex, nitrogenous, organic compounds that function as the primary building blocks of the body. Protein
A substance made up of lipids or fatty acids that is a source of energy and is vital to growth and development. Fat
H2O; the odorless and tasteless fluid that is the principle chemical constituent of the human body. Water
The loss of water from a body or substance; to become dry. Dehydration
Educational tool that enables incorporating dietary guidelines into daily use. Food Guide Pyramid
The total calories used for all activities over a given period of time. Energy Expenditure
The sum of the caloric content in food ingested. Energy Intake
A false sense of benefit felt by a patient caused by the psychological belief that treatment is effective. Placebo Effect
Material in food that resists digestion and adds bulk to the diet. Dietary Fiber
Recommendations for good health made by the US Department of Agriculture and the US Dept. of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans
A set of nutrient reference values used to plan and evaluate diets for good health. Dietary Reference Intakes
A complex sugar that is a basic source of energy for the body. Carbohydrate
Organic substances, other than proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and organic salts, that are essential in small quantities for normal body function. Vitamins
Inorganic compounds that are essential to body function. Minerals
Created by: rusha