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Existentialism-Hamlet for Mrs. Mettlach's class

Whom does Polonius send to France to spy on Laertes? Reynaldo
Where does the ghost appear during the play? The castle ramparts and Gertrude's bedchamber
How did Claudius murder King Hamlet? By pouring poison into his ear
Where is the university at which Horatio and Hamlet studied? Wittenberg
Whose skull does Hamlet discover in the churchyard? the former court jester's
Which character cannot see the ghost in Act 3 Scene 4? Gertrude
Who escorts Hamlet on the voyage to England? Rosencrantz & Guildenstern
Where do Hamlet and Laertes fight during Ophelia's funeral? inside the grave itself
Who survives: Fortinbras, Horatio, Osric, Prince Hamlet, Polonius, Gertrude, Claudius, Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, Ophelia, Laertes, and/or King Hamlet Fortinbras, Horatio, and Osric
What does Hamlet claim to be able to tell the difference between when the wind is from the south? a hawk and a handsaw
In whose history of Denmark did Shakespeare find background material for his play? Saxo Grammaticus
How does Ophelia die? she drowns in the river
Whose story does Hamlet ask the players to tell upon their arrival to Elsinore? Priam and Hecuba's
Why, according to Polonius, has Hamlet gone mad? he is in love with Ophelia
Who is the last character to die in the play? Hamlet
How many characters die during the course of the play? 8
Who speaks the famous "To be, or not to be" soliloquy? Hamlet
In what country do Rosencrantz & Guildenstern die? England
Why does Hamlet decide not to kill Claudius after the traveling players' play? Claudius is praying
Who killed Fortinbras's father? Hamlet's father
Which character speaks the 1st line of the play? Bernardo
In which year was Hamlet most likely written 1601
Which of Claudius & Laertes' traps for Hamlet succeeds in killing him? the poisoned sword
Which character speaks from beneath the stage toward the end of Act I? the ghost
Who returns Hamlet to Denmark after his exile? a group of pirates
Who gets the last say in the play? Fortinbras
Who wrote "A Primer of Existentialism" ? Gordon E. Bigelow
Who wrote "Richard Corey" ? E.A. Robinson
Who wrote "A Clean Well-Lighted Place" ? Ernest Hemingway
Who wrote "Eveline" ? James Joyce
Who wrote "A&P" ? John Updike
Who wrote "The Bucket Rider" ? Franz Kafka
Who wrote "Hamlet"? William Shakespeare
Existentialism is a loose term for what? the reaction, led by Kierkegaard, against the abstract rationalism of Hegel's philosophy
What are the two main groups of existentialism? godly & ungodly
Who laid the groundwork for Existentialism Soren Kierkegaard, Martin Heidegger, & Karl Jaspers
"existance preceedes essence" is a rejection of the Platonic idea that there is the "ideal" human (humans have no model, blueprint, no ideal essence)
humans have free will means we are constantly faced with choices & we can't escape that (not making a decision is a decision)
we must forge our own values and meaning of existance because we live in an otherwise meaningless or absurd world
humanism the view that people are capable of free choice, self-fulfillment, & ethical behavior; a code of right & wrong
how is existentialism different from humanism existentialism says people are completely free & responsible for his or her own behavior
6 themes of godly existentialism existence before essence, reason is impotent, alienation and estrangement, "fear & trembling," or anxiet, the encounter with nothingness, & freedom
existence before essence we discover what it means to be human only by existing; there is no essence, only existing
which theme: is ungraspable, we can't understand it; our minds & our intentionality impose form upon the object(material world) distorting reality; "the heart has its reasons which reason cannot know" reason is impotent to deal with all aspects of life
which theme: growing dependence on reason & science has separated us from God, nature, men, & true self alienation & estrangement
general dread anxiety
which theme: technology ahs developed the ability to blow the world up; some relies on a loss of reliance on God; are we ever going to get it right? "fear & trembling" anxiety
which theme: with the loss of God, nature, people & self the world is left void of meaning, order, purpose, & love; existential crisis is often a test of a preson & the courage she or he maintains the encounter with nothingness
you are free to make your own choices; choose what gives you meaning freedom
existential protagonists often lonely, anxiety ridden characters who are trying to make sense of their lives
existentialism summary the world is meaningless; the universe cares nothing for those things we call beautiful or good
what is Hamlet's existential crisis? "To be or not to be: that is the question:"
ungoldy writers (examples) Sartre, Camus, & Simone de Beauvoir
godly writers (examples) Kierkegaard, Marcel & Maritain (Catholic), Tillich & Berdyaev (Protestant), & Buber (Jewish)
the world is inherently ____________ meaningless
godly existentialists say that nothingness is God's call to action
ungodly existentialists say that nothing is a realization you have to decide how you handle
where was Frank going to take Eveline Buenos Ayres
What does Horatio suggest by his discussion of Julius Caesar's death (Act1Scene1) Julius was betrayed
Horatio's pagan discussion of the crowing of the cock crow awakes the god of day & sends the night ones (& ghosts) away
Marcellus' Christian discussion of the crowing of the cock Christmas is such a holy day that they scare away ghosts (ghosts could be evil then) (aka no evil allowed); Jesus was denied 3 times before the cock crowed
What is Horatio's initial response to the story of the ghost? he doesn't believe it (he's too ratioal & known for being rational)
About how much time has passed between Act 1 & Act 2? Why? between 4-6 weeks; Hamlet has to be able to keep up the facade of him being mad but the diplomats are back from Norway, Laerteus is back at school, & Rose-&Guild- have traveled from Wittenberg to Denmark
What does spying on his son tell us about Polonius? he's controlling, untrusting, willing to give up his son's reputation for information
Why is Ophelia so upset when she enters in Act 2 Scene 1? Hamlet just appeared crazed/mad to her
Does Hamlet's maddness come as a surprise after what he said in Act 1 to his friends? no because he told his friends "don't worry if I go crazy & play along with it"
Why did Rose- & Guild- go to court in Act 2 Scene 2? they were called by Cladius and Gertrude to talk to Hamlet and find out why he's sad
WHat is Rose- & Guild-'s relation to Hamlet? school friends
What is the difference between Polonius using a spy and Cladius using Rose- & Guild-? Reynaldo is told what to say & how to act, Rose-& Guild- aren't
How does Hamlet behave initially with Rose- & Guild-? happily with sexual jokes (shows sanity)
How does Hamlet act once he realizes Rose- & Guild- were sent by his parents? Hamlet acts more mad/more serious
How does Hamlet use the world and the view of "man" man could be great, but to me (Hamlet) we seem worthless
Why are the players traveling & what has been going on in the city? kid actors are becoming popular
What is the significance of Hamlet's referring to Polonius as Jephthah? telling him don't be quick to promise b/c Jephthah sacraficed his daughter b/c he made a hasty promise
Why can't the First Player finish the speech in Act 2 Scene 2? b/c Polonius keeps interupting
What play does Hamlet want the players to play? The Murder of Gonzago
What does Hamlet want to add to the play? a scene mimicing the death of King Hamlet
How does Shakespeare use the player's response to show how different Hamlet's position is? Hamlet isn't emotional while the actor can pull up emotion for a fake circumstance
Why hasn't Hamlet acted on the ghost's request in Act 2 Scene 2? he's still not sure if the ghost is real or good
Why does Hamlet need the play? to see if the ghost is right or not; incriminate Cladius
What does Hamlet putting a scene in the play show? Hamlet is still trying to manipulate the situation & reason through the situation(find meaning)
Why is the grave digger surprised Ophelia is given a Christian funeral? because they believe she committed suicide & those who committed suicide weren't given Christian funerals
Act 3 Scene 1: How much have Rose- & Guild- learned from/about Hamlet? he's very sad, but they don't know why
What does Polonius give Ophelia to read during the planned meeting between Hamlet and Ophelia (Act 3 Scene1)? a prayer book
What is Claudius' response to Polonius' idea for giving Ophelia to hide the arranged meeting? many people hide their sins (crimes) with religion/pretending to be holy
Why does Hamlet say he especially likes Horatio (Act 3 Scene 2)? he's such a true friend, rational & not ruled by passion
in Act 4 Scene 2 what do Rose- & Guild- learn from Hamlet? that Hamlet hid Polonius' body & Hamlet hates Cladius
Why does Claudius believe he can't simply arrest Hamlet? the people like Hamlet
Is Hamlet going to Englad as a prisoner or in the guise of a royal representative? guise of a royal representative
Why is Fortinbras' army passing through Denmark? to fight with Poland over a small piece of land
Where is Hamlet going when he meets the Captain? to board the ship to England
What do we learn about the state of Gertrude's soul (Act 4 Scene 5)/how does she respond to Hamlet's accusations? she is in torment & can no longer pretend to be happy
The court assumes Ophelia's madness is caused by her father's death. Judging from her songs, are there other reasons? Hamlet & their intimacy; Hamlet hurt her; Ophelia feels used by Hamlet
Who does Laertes' blame initially for his father's death? Cladius
Who brings Hamlet's letter (of the pirates) to Horatio? a sailor
What happened to Hamlet on his way to England? he was chased, captured, & taken aboard a pirate ship (Shows Hamlet can defend himself)
What would Laertes do to get revenge? (Act 4 Scene 7) cut off Hamlet's head in church (Laertes kills in church, Hamlet doesn't (impulsive vs thinking/reason))Claudius responds calling Laertes a good son
How many tricks and poisons does it take (according to Claudius and Laertes) to kill Hamlet? 3 tricks; 2 poisons; non blunt sword, poison cup, & poison sword
What does Claudius fear will happen when Laertes finds out about Ophelia? he's afraid Laertes will rage & go violent again
What is significant about Hamlet calling himself "Hamlet the Dane" he's finally thinking of himself as king (finally tieing himself to his country instead of thinking it a prison)
What is Hamlet's reaction to the idea of the match? Let it be: Hamlet's epiphany; let things take their course; @ peace w/ the world
How does Laertes respond when Hamlet asks for forgiveness? Laertes forgives him but says he needs to get revenge still to be a good son
How does Claudius die? by a sword wound, drinking the poison cup, & the poison sword
How much do the people at the court know at the end of the play? don't know much, they only know what Horatio tells Fortinbras & Fortinbras will tell the people later
Created by: 530848841



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