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Music Vocabulary 1

Vocabulary for Madrigals

Accelerando To gradually get faster
Molto Much
Subito Suddenly
Rallantando To gradually slow
Flat To lower the pitch of a note by 1/2
Sharp To increase the pitch of a note by 1/2
Ledger Lines Extends the staff
Accidental Alters the pitch of a note
Natural Unalters the note
A Capella To sing without accompiant
Ritardando To gradually slow
Grand (Great) Staff The treble and bass staff joined together with the middle C
Key Signiture Sits at the beginning of the staff and tells which notes have accidentals
Time Signiture Tells how many beats per measure
Crescendo To gradually get louder
Decrescendo To gradually get softer
Scale Notes that ascend or descend in a row
Forte Loud
Piano Soft
Pick up note A note before the acctual note with one whole beat
First Ending The first ending of a repeated section
Second Ending The second ending of a repeated section
Composer The person who wrote the music
Classical Era The music the was written int eh lare 18th and early 19th centuries
Baroque Era Music Period-1600-1750
Renaissance Era Music written from the 15th and 16th centuries
Romantic Era Followed the Classical era and ended around 1900
Middle Ages Music period-600-1450
Melody The dominant tune
Harmony Countermelodic notes to accompany the melody
Countermelody A second but subordinate melodic line
Consonance An accord of sounds sweet to the ear
Dissonance 2 or more notes sounded together which are disharmonious
Improvisation Spontaneous performance
Intonation The paper production of a tone so that it is exacatly in time
Octave An interval spanning 7 diatonic degrees
Descant An early form of harmony
Presto To perform very quickly
Mass The Catholic Church service
Solmization (Solfege) Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do
Interval The distance between 2 pitches
Tutti To perform with all instruments
Adagio Slow
Allegro Fast
Vivace Lively
Andante Moderatly Slow
Solo 1 instrument
Whole Note 4 full beats
Da Capo Back to beginning
Accent Imphasis on a certain beat
Dal Segno Repeat certain segment
Half note 2 beats
Treble Clef To show the notes on lines in relation to note G
Quarter note 1 beat
Bass Clef To show the notes on lines in relation to note F
Eigth note 1/8 of a beat
Chorale A Lutheran hymn usually sang in 4 parts
A tempo Orginal tempo
Espressivo To perform with expression
Enharmonic 2 different notes that make the same sound
Chromatic Scale Divides the octives into semi-tones
Tenuto To hold a note longer than full domain