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Music Vocab Terms 1

Second Ending Normally, the second ending is shown with the trailing end of the symbol ope
First Ending Often, repeated sections of a composition will have different endings for each repeat of that section.
Composer The person who writes music (conceptualize and notate). A composer is thought of as a performer but, more recently, a composer is not considered a performer in the pre-20th century sense.
Classical Era That music which was written in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Baroque Era The music of the period c. 1600 - 1750 C.E., directly following the Renaissance and preceding the Classical era
Renaissance Era That era of music covering the 15th through 16 century
Romantic Era Era following Classical music and ending around 1900
Middle ages The music from the period of about 600 C.E. until about 1450 C.E.
Melody A tune; dominant tune
Harmony The combination of notes sounded simultaneously to produce chords
Countermelody A second but subordinate melodic line sometimes found in music which has a melody and an accompaniment.
Consonance An accord of sounds sweet and pleasing to the ear.
Dissonance Two or more notes sounded together which are discordant
Improvisation Term referring to spontaneous performance of music without previous preparation.
Octave An interval spanning seven diatonic degrees.
Descant formed by adding a part or parts to tenor
Presto A directive to perform the indicated passage quickly.
Mass The liturgy of the Eucharist
Solmization (Solfege) Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti Do
Interval Distance between 2 pitches.
Tutti To play with all instrumental together.
Adagio slow tempo
Allegro fast tempo
Vivace to play briskly/ in a brisk manner
Andante moderately slow tempo
Solo to perform alone
Tenuto to hold a note longer than full domain
Whole note 4 beats
Dal Capo To return back to the beginning of the passage
Accent A special emphasis on a note
Dal Segno repeat certain segment
Half note 2 beats
Treble Clef A symbol known as G clef that indicates the notes on 5 lines and 5 spaces
Quarter Note 1 beat
Bass Clef Also known as F clef it places is place on F, four lines below middle C
Eighth Note 1/2 beat
Chorale Lutheran hymn, usually in four part harmony
A tempo Directive to return to the original tempo
Espressivo to play with expression
Enharmonic 2 notes sound the same, written differently
Accelerando to gradually get faster
Molto much
Sobito Suddenly
Rallantando to gradually get slower
Flat to lower the pitch of a note by half
Sharp to increase the pitch of a not by half
Leger lines extends the staff
Accidental alters the pitch of a note
Natural unalters the note
A Capella to sing without accompaniment
Ritardando to gradually slow
Grand Staff the treble and bass staff joined together with middle C
Chromatic Scale divides the octaves into its semitones
Key Signature Sits at the beginning of the staff and tells which notes have accidentals
Time Signature Tells how many beats per measure
Crescendo to gradually get louder
Decrescendo to gradually get softer
Scale notes that ascend or descent in a row
Forte Loud
Piano Soft
Pick up note A note before the actual note with one whole beat.
Created by: molitorall