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lordosis increased posterior concavity of lumbar and cervical spine
kyphosis increased anterior concavity of thoracis spine
lumbar kyphosis reduction of normal lordotic curve, resulting in a flat-back appearance
scoliosis lateral curvatures or sideways deviation
prescence of lumbar shift named by the shoulder
scoliosis naming named by the most convex curve
ligamentzs anterior long(ALL), Posterior long(PLL), supraspinous, ligamentum flavum, interspinous, intertransverse
Anterior longitudinal ligament from atlas to sacrum, narrow in cspine, broader in lumbar spine, attached to vertebral body and disk but not boney rim of vertebrae, restricts hyper extension
Posterior longitudinal ligament from axis to sacrum, broad in cpsine, narrow in lumbar, attached to disc and vertebral rim but not the body,
interspinous ligament runs from spinous process to spinous process, elastic in the lumbar spine, frequent absent or ruptured in lumbar spine, prevents hyperflex
supraspinous ligament runs from ligamentum of nuchae to L4, spinous process to spinous process, prevents hyper flex
Ligamentum Flavum yellow and elastic, series of short ligaments from outside one lamina to the inside of the one above it, bends w/ facet capsule and helps prevent pinching of the synovial plica(fat pad)
Intertransverse ligament well developed in the lumbar spine, restricts side bending, from transverse process to transverse process
Joints minimal motion b/w & 2 vertebrae(except altantoaxial)-cummlative movement from multiple vertebrae allow for substantial motion, arthrodial, gliding type joint due tolimited gliding movments, gliding b/w superior&inferiorarticular processes of facet joitns
Created by: jwebst1