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lesson 12 english vocab

1. appall verb to fill with horror, disgust, or outrage; to shock syn: astound, horrify ant: comfort, reassure The mother was appalled by her son's behavior when he belched loudly because she was sure tha she had raised him better than that.
2. constraint noun something that restricts or limits syn: restraint, restriction ant: liberty, independence The kid who kept coming to the review board needed to use more constraint and think about his actions.
3. dissuade verb to advise; to persuade someone out of a course of action syn: discourage, deter ant: encourage, inspire I tried to dissuade my friend from skydiving because it looked to dangerous.
4. falter verb to hesitate; to waver syn: sway, delay, stumble ant: persist, maintain, endure The lawyer faltered while arguing her court case because the other side had a good point.
5. frail adjective easily broken; delicate syn: fragile, breakable ant: strong, robust The frail old woman had to be careful so that she wouldn't get hurt.
6. hypothetical adjective assumed without proof; uncertain syn: supposed, theoretical ant: actual, real The hypothetical solution to the problem turned out to be very different from the actual results.
7. irate adjective extremely angry; enraged syn: furious, fuming ant: delighted, happy The teacher was irate when the boys in class wouldn't stop goofing off.
8. peninsula noun a piece of land that extends from the mainland into a body of water. The florida peninsula sticks out into the atlantic ocean.
9. placid adjective calm; peaceful syn: tranquil, serene ant: turbulent, riotous The placid pond water was disturbed when I jumped in.
10. prejudice noun 1. an opinion formed without knowledge of the facts. 2. an irrational suspicion or hostility toward a particular group, race, or religion. syn: bias, predisposition ant: none syn: bigotry, discrimination ant: fairness, neutrality During the civil rights movement, people had a prejudice that black people where not equal to white people.
11. prelude noun an introductory event, action, or performance syn: beginning, preface ant: finale, ending There is often a prelude at the beginning of books to give a hint about what is going to happen.
12. profane adjective showing contempt for what is sacred; disrespectful of religion; vulgar. syn: irreverent, wicked ant: pious, virtuous It is profane to burn a bible.
13. puny adjective less than normal size and strength syn: undersized, small ant: robust, sturdy The puny piglet was the runt of the litter.
14. ruthless adjective without compassion or mercy, harsh syn: callous, merciless ant: merciful, compassionate, lenient Ruthless slave owners beat their slaves with wips as a punishment.
15. skirmish noun a minor, short-lived battle syn: clash, scuffle ant: campaign, crusade History textbooks tell about big battles, but they often skim over small skirmishes.
Created by: s.stouse