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HIT 57

DISEASE PROCESS CHAPTER 6

QuestionAnswer
The main function of the circulatory system is to maintain blood pressure. False. (transport oxygen and nutrients to organs and tissues throughout the body and carry away waste products)
The most common cause of chronic venous insufficiency is what? Deep venous thrombosis 深静脉血栓形成 or Varicose veins 静脉曲张
What test measures electrical activity of the heart Electrocariogram
The etiology 病因 of varicose veins includes long periods of standing, pregnancy, and obesity. True
The etiology of hypovolemic 低血容量 shock 低血容性休克 includes all of the following, EXCEPT What? Cardiac arrhythmia 心律失常-( any disturbance in the rhythm of the heartbeat).
Angioplasty 血管成形术 uses a bypass graft 搭桥 to restore circulation. False (a surgical technique for restoring normal blood flow through an artery narrowed or blocked by atherosclerosis, either by inserting a balloon into the narrowed section and inflating it or by using a laser beam )
What atherosclerotic 动脉粥样硬化 lesion 病变 is characterized by accumulation of fat around scar tissue? Fibrous atheromatous plaque 纤维粥样斑块
Vasospasm 血管痉挛 of the arteries and arterioles of the fingers and toes is characteristic of which disorder? Raynaud's disease (mainly affecting women, in which spasms in the blood vessels of the fingers or toes restrict blood flow to the affected part, which becomes pale, numb, and sometimes painful)
The vagus nerve (the tenth cranial nerve, which supplies the heart, lungs, and viscera) slow down the heart via secretion of what? Acetylcholine
The pacemaker of the heart is known as the what? Sinoatrial node
Women experience the same symptoms of a myocardial infarction (heart attack)心肌梗死 as do men. False
Thrombosis, or a clot within a blood vessel, is formed by turbulent blood flow in the region of the plaque and ulceration of the plaque. True
A microbial infection of the endocardial endothelium and the heart vales is termed what? Endocarditis 心内膜炎
Congestive heart failure 充血性心力衰竭 (heart failure) can be left sided or right sided and produce different symptoms True
What autoimmune disease results from a reaction between stretococcal agtigens and the patient's own antibodies and frequently affects the mitral vale? Rheumatic heart disease 风湿性心脏病
Angina 心绞痛 is a condition which is commonly treated with what medication? Nitroglycerine
The most commonly affect arteries in peripheral arterial disease are the femoral or popliteal arteries. True
Blockage of what artery impairs the flow of blood to the brain? Carotid 颈动脉
Reduced coronary blood flow in coronary heart is associated with what condition in more that 90% of persons with coronary heart disease? Atherosclerosis 动脉粥样硬化
Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis 动脉硬化 are the same False
Cor Pulmonale 肺心病 is a condition associated with what disorder(s)? Pulmonary hypertension 肺动脉高压
A blood clot can be treated by what type of procedure? Clot dissolving medications, surgery
An aneurysm 动脉瘤is a weakened area of lesion of a blood vessel. True
Congestive heart failure is a functional disease of the heart. False
subsequent 随后
tortuous 曲折 full of twists
turbulent blood flow created when blood flows through a small caliber orifice. Is the cause of murmurs in the heart and large arteries.
Autoimmune disease A disease in which the body produces antibodies that attack its own tissues, leading to the deterioration and in some cases to the destruction of such tissue.
Cor Pulmonale pulmonary heart disease: a serious heart condition in which there is enlargement and failure of the right ventricle resulting from lung disease
constrict 压迫 to slow or stop the natural course or development of:
Aneurysm 动脉瘤 An aneurysm is an abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel.
lesion an injury; hurt; wound. Pathology : any localized, abnormal structural change in the body. 病变
Trophy 奖杯
dystrophy 营养不良
cyan/o blue
necr/o death
cyanosis slightly bluish, slate-like color of the skin
melancholy black bile, melancholy depression
-osis abnormal condition
necrosis 坏死
-ptosis 上睑下垂 prolapse 脱垂, drooping, sagging
protrusion 突出
insomnia inability to obtain sufficient sleep, especially when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness. 失眠
neur/o verves
tarsitis an inflammation of the edge of the eyelid
ischemia an inadequate supply of blood to an organ or part, as from an obstructed blood flow. 缺血
Created by: Lilyn Ta
 

 



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