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ESQB - Isms

Common Political, Social, Philosophical, and Religious -isms

QuestionAnswer
Absolutism Complete and unrestricted power in government
Aestheticism Doctrine that beauty is paramount to other moral principles
Agnosticism Doctrine that all claims to ultimate knowledge are uncertain
Anarchism Doctrine that all governments should be abolished
Anthropomorphism Attribution of human form or behavior to a deity, animal, etc.
Antidisestablishmentarianism Opposition to withdrawal of state recognition from an established church
Atheism Belief that there is no God
Bitheism (dualism) Belief in two gods
Capitalism Doctrine that private ownership and free markets should govern economies
Collectivism Communal control of means of production
Conservatism Belief in maintaining established political and social traditions
Deism Belief in God, rejection of supernatural revelation
Determinism Doctrine that events are predetermined by preceding events or laws
Egalitarianism Belief that humans ought to be equal in rights and privileges
Egoism Belief that morality ultimately rests on self-interest
Fatalism Doctrine that events are fixed and humans are powerless
Gnosticism Belief that freedom from this world derives solely from knowledge
Hedonism Belief that pleasure is the highest good
Humanitarianism Doctrine that the higest moral obligation is to improve human welfare
Individualism Belief that individual interests and rights are paramount
Intellectualism Belief that all knowledge is derived from reason
Legalism Doctrine that salvation is gained through good works
Libertarianism Doctrine that personal liberty is of the highest value
Monotheism Belief in only one God
Mutualism Mutual dependence of society and the individual
Nihilism Denial of all reality; extreme skepticism
Optimism Doctrine that we live in the best of all possible worlds
Pantheism Belief that the universe is God
Perfectionism Doctrine that man can attain perfection in this life
Pessimism Doctrine that the universe is essentially evil
Polytheism Belief in many gods
Racism Belief that race is the primary determinant of human capacities
Rationalism Belief that reason is the fundamental source of knowledge
Socialism Doctrine of centralized state control of wealth and property
Solipsism Theory that self-existence is the only certainty
Transcendentalism Theory that emphsizes that which transcends perception
Utilitarianism Emphasis on promotion of the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people
Created by: majorpayne14