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Win 10 - Ch 4 Terms

Win 10 - Ch 4 Managing File Systems Terms

8.3 file name A standard for naming files first introduced with MS-DOS. The numbers indicate the maximum number of characters that can be used for that part of the name, 8 characters and 3 characters. The 3-character field is also known as the file extension.
Access Control Entries (ACE) A specific entry in a file or folder’s ACL that uniquely identifies a user or group by its security identifier and the action it is allowed or denied to take on that file or folder.
Access Control List (ACL) For NTFS, the ACL is a property of every file and folder in that file system. It holds a list of ACE items that defines what actions are allowed to be taken on the file or folder to which it is attached.
Disk quota A system of tracking owners for file data within an NTFS-formatted partition or volume and the total disk space consumed by each owner. Limits or warnings can be established to restrict disk space usage.
Drive letter A letter of the alphabet assigned to a formatted partition or volume as a reference point for future access by the user or their applications.
Encrypted File System (EFS) A component of the NTFS file system that is responsible for encrypting individual files. These files are not readable without the correct digital identification.
Extended File Allocation Table (exFAT) A proprietary Microsoft file system used with external storage media to organize files and folders using a technology similar to FAT but without the space limitations of FAT32. Volume sizes over 32 GB are fully supported.
FAT A generic term that refers to early versions of the FAT file system (FAT12, FAT16) or to any FAT file system in general, also see File Allocation Table.
File Allocation Table (FAT) A FS used to organize files/folders in a partition or volume. A master FAT is used to indicate what files/folders exist within the file system. The FAT table entries point to the beginning cluster. The common versions of FAT include FAT16 and FAT32.
File extension Typically a three-character name at the end of a filename that is used to indicate the type of data contained in the file. Common extension examples include DOC for documents and EXE for executable programs.
Long filenames Filenames that can be a maximum of 255 characters in length.
New Technology File System (NTFS) A file system introduced with Windows NT. NTFS supports advanced features to add reliability, security, and flexibility that file systems such as FAT and FAT32 do not have.
Shadow copy A snapshot of the file system that tracks changes to files and allows the restoration of previous file versions.
Terabyte A unit of data that consists of 1024 gigabytes. Commonly abbreviated as TB.
Created by: Leisac