Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Dysmorphology Neck

Examination of neck 1. Inspection/observation 2. Neck motility 3. Palpation. 4. Ausculation
Minor variants Prominent thyroid cartilage "Adam's Apple"
Minor anomalies Branchial arch remnants
Deformations 1. torticollis 2. lateral neck webbing
Disruptions 1. Umbilical cord (late in gestation) 2. Amniotic bands
Dysplasia 1. Athyrotic hypothyroidism sequence 2. Congenital hypothyroidism 3. Hypoplasia/aplasia of the thymus and parathyroid glands
Athyrotic hypothyroidism sequence 1. Absence of thyroid 2. Jaundice 3. Cutaneous/vascular changes 4. Umbilical hernia 4. Cardiac defect 5. Periorbital edema
Congenital hypothyroidism 1. Thyroid enlargement 2. Incomplete thyroid most common cause 3. Untreated can lead to MR and growth failure
DiGeorge syndrome: Thymus 1. Failure of differentiation of 3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouches 2. Beneath breastbone 3. Controls development and maturation of T-lymphocytes 4. Poor immune function
DiGeorge syndrome: Parathyroid 1. 4 glands in neck 2. Turns on/off secretion of parathyroid hormone to maintain proper levels of calcium and phosphorus 3. Small glands=too little PTH=low calcium & high phosphorus
Malformations 1. Short neck 2. Neck pterygia 3. Branchial cleft abnormalities 4. Thyroglossal duct cysts or sinus
Branchial cleft abnormalities 1. Caused by failure of cleft obliteration 2. Located along anterior margin of sternocleidomastoid muscle 3. Branchial cleft cyst or sinuses 4. Branchial cleft fistula
Branchial cleft cyst or sinuses 1. Fluid filled 2. May drain into pharynx through branchial cleft sinus
Branchial cleft fistula 1. Extends from tonsillar fossa to the anterolateral neck 2. Drainage passage from the internal tissues to skin surface
Thyroglossal duct cyst or sinus 1. Midline position (distinguishes from branchial cleft abnormalities) 2. Can be fluid filled
Landmarks 1. Thyroid cartilage 2. Suprasternal notch3. Sternocleidomastoid muscle 4. Clavicle
Created by: kwilliams0228
Popular Genetics sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards