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Abnormal Psychology

Chapter 6

Define Somatoform Dx: a group of dxs in which people experience significant physical symptoms for which there is no apparent organic cause.
Define Psychosomatic Dx: people have actual, documented physical illness or defect, such as high blood pressure, that is being worsened by psychological factors.
Define Malingering: people fake a symptom or dx in order to avoid an unwanted situation.
Define Factitious Dx: a person deliberately fakes an illness specifically to gain medical attention adn plays the sick role.
Define Factitious Dx by Proxy: Diagnosed when parents fake or even create illnesses in their children in order to gain attention for themselves.
Define Conversion Dx: People with this dx lose functioning in a part of their bodies, apparently due to neurological or other general medical causes.
Define Glove Anethesia: people lose all feelings in one hand, as if they were wearing a glove that wiped out physical sensation.
Define Somatization Dx: patient has a long history of complaints about physical symptoms, affecting many different areas of the body, for which medical attention has been sought but that appear to have no physical cause.
Define Pain Dx: people who complain only of chronic pain due to or maintained by psychological factors may be given this diagnosis.
Define Hypochondriasis: worry that they have a serious disease but do not always experience severe physical symptoms.
Define Body Dysmorphic Dx: excessively preoccupied with a part of their body that they believe is defective.
Define Dissociative Identity Dx(DID): one of the most controversial and fascinating dxs recognized in clinical psychology and psychiatry.
Define Dissociative Fugue; A person may suddenly pick up and move to a new place,assume a new id. and have no memory of his previous life.
Define Dissociative Amnesia: Cannot remember important facts about their lives and their personal identities and typically are aware of large gaps in their memory or knowledge of themselves.
Define Organic Amnesia: caused by brain injury resulting from disease, drugs, accidents(such as blows to the head), or surgery.
Define Anterograde Amenesia: Inability to remember new info.
Define Psychogenic Amnesia: arises in the absence of any brain injury or diseases and is thought to have psychological causes.
Define Retrograde Amnesia: the inability to remember info. from the past, can have both organic and psychogenic causes.
Define Depersonalization Dx: have fequent episodes in which they feel detached from their own mental processes or body, as if they are outside observers of themselves.
What is one of the most dramatic somatoform dx? Conversion Dx
what are the symptoms of Conversion Dx: tend to have high rates of depression, anxiety, alcohol abuse, and antisocial personality dx.
Treatment for Conversion dx: focuses on the expression of associated emotions or memories.
What is the cognitive theory about somatization dx: affected people focus excessively on physical symptoms and catastrophize these symptoms. people with these dxs often have experienced recent traumas.
Treatment for somatization dx: involves understanding the traumas and helping the patient find adaptive ways to cpe with distress.
what dx is questionably placed in the somatoform dx category: Dysmorphic dx
What is the treatment for Dysmorphic Dx: Psychodynamic therapy to uncover the emotions driving the obsession about the body, systematic desensitization therapy to decrease obsessions and compulsive behaviors foucuse on the body part. And SSRI's to help with obsessive thoughts.
who have more D.I.D. cases, men or women: women
What is the treatment of D.I.D: Integrate the personalities
When do Fugue states usually occur: in response to a stressor and can disappear suddenly, with the person returning to his or her previous identity.
what is another name for dissociative amnesia: Psychogenic Amnesia
when does psychogenic amnesia typically occur: Traumatic events
What is the difference between dissociative dxs and depersonalization dx: Dissociative dxs are when the patient have a splitting in the patients identity, memories, and depersonalization is when there is a lack of deatchment from things that are usually very important to the patient.
Created by: kimsingleton23