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Poetry Vocab 1 and 2

Poetry vocab from weeks one and two

The repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable Alliteration
The repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same Assonance
A common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds Consonance
feeling that a work is intended to create in the reader Mood
The author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style Tone
The dictionary meaning of a word Denotation
Associations and implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word, which derive from how the word has been commonly used and the associations people make with it Connotation
the voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem Speaker
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using "like" or "as" Metaphor
A person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance Symbol
A prose restatement of the central ideas of a poem, in you're own language paraphrase
A generic term used to describe poetic lines compose in measured rhythmical pattern, that are often, but not necessarily,rhymed Verse
The central meaning or dominant idea in a literary word Theme
a brief poem that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker Lyric Poem
A poem that tells a story Narrative poem
A long narrative poem, told in a formal, elevated style, that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation Epic poem
A writer's choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figurative language, which combine to help create meaning Diction
the way poets sometimes employ elevated diction that deviates significantly from the common speech and writing of their time, choosing words for their supposedly inherent poetic qualities Poetic Diction
dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language that follows syntax exactly and is often characterized by complex words and lofty tone Formal Diction
Maintains correct language; less elevated than formal diction; reflects the way most educated people speak Middle Diction
plain, everyday language including idiomatic expressions, slang, contraction, and many simple common words Informal Diction
a word or phrase that is informal or literary; used in ordinary conversation colloquialism
A type of informal diction spoken by definable groups of people Dialect
special words or expressions used by a particular profession or group that are difficult for others to understand Jargon
a speaker created by a writer to tell a story or speak in a poem Persona
allows for two or more simultaneous interpretation of a word, phrase, action, or situation, all of which can be supported by the context of a work Ambiguity
the ordering of words into meaningful verbal patterns such as phrases, clauses, and sentences; often manipulated by poets to emphasize specific words Syntax
A type of lyric poem in which a character (the speaker) addresses a distinct but silent audience imagined to be present in the poem in such a way as to reveal a dramatic situation, and, often unintentionally, some aspect of his/her personality Dramatic Monologue
"seize the day"; common literary theme, especially in lyric poetry that emphasizes that life is short and one should make the most of present pleasures Carpe Diem
A brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature; Implies reading and cultural experiences shared by the writer and reader Allusion
a word, phrase, or figure of speech that addresses the senses suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions; convey emotions and moods Image
a grouping of lines, set off by a space, that usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme Stanza
Ways of using language that deviate from the literal, denotative meanings of words in order to suggest additional meanings or effects; say one thing in terms of something else Figures of Speech
a common figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things using words such as like, as, than appears, and seems Simile
a subtle comparison; the terms being compared are not so specifically explained Implied Metaphor
a sustained comparison in which part or all of a poem consists of a series of related metaphors Extended Metaphor
metaphor that runs through an entire work and determines the form or nature of that work Controlling Metaphor
a play on words that relies on a word's having more than one meaning or sounding like another word Pun
a kind of metaphor in which a part of something is used to signify the whole Synecdoche
a type of metaphor in which something closely associated with a subject is substituted for it Metonymy
a form of metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things Personification
an address, either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend; provides the speaker with the opportunity to think aloud Apostrophe
a boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intending to be literally true; used for serious, comic, or ironic effect Overstatement/ Hyperbole
opposite of hyperbole; says less than is intended; usually has an ironic effect, and sometimes used for a comical purpose Understatement
ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary Litote
a statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense; arrests reader's attention Paradox
a condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are sued together Oxymoron
have meaning that are widely recognized by a society or culture Conventional Symbol
a setting, character, action, object, name, or anything else in a work that maintains its literal significance while suggesting other meanings Literary/ Contextual Symbol
A narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning because its events, actions, characters, settings, and object represent specific abstractions or ideas; emphasis is on what elements actually mean Allegory
poetry designed to teach an ethical, moral, or religious lesson Didactic Poetry
uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true Irony
creates a discrepancy between what the character believes or says and what the reader/ audience knows to be true Dramatic Irony
incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension/ control Situational Irony
occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite Verbal Irony
when a writer uses God, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character or human kind; a discrepancy between what a character aspires to and what universal forces provide Cosmic Irony
ridiculing a folly or vice in order to expose or correct it Satire
Created by: 1292119405



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