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Pharmacology term

QuestionAnswer
absorption rate how quickly a drug gets into the tissue to produce a therapeutic effect
administration of medication Providing one dose of a medication to an individual
analgesia A conscious state in which normal pain is not perceived, such as a numbing or sedativeeffect
antacid an agent that neutralizes stomach acid
antiseptic a substance that inhibits the growth of infectious agents.
antibiotic a soluble substance derived from a mold or bacterium that inhibits the growth of other micro-organisms.
astringent An agent that causes contraction of the tissues, arrest of secretion, or control of bleeding
bioavailability The amount of the drug's concentration when it reaches the target site within a certain time frame.
antipyretic a medication used to reduce a fever
counterirritant a substance causing irritation of superficial sensory nerves to reduce pain transmission from another underlying irritation
drug dispensing Providing more than one individual dose to a person
antihistamine A medication used to counteract the effects of histamine; one that relieves the symptoms of an allergic reaction
drug interaction The ability of one drug to alter the effects of another drug; it may either intensify (synergistic action) or reduce (inhibit) the effects of the other drug
drug metabolism The enzymatic alteration of a drug's structure whereby the original drug is broken down into metabolites
enteric coated Drugs covered by acid-resistant materials (e.g., fatty acids, waxes, and shellac) that protect the drug from the acid and pepsin in the stomach
first-pass effect Drug metabolism that takes place first in the liver via hepatic enzymes
half life the period during which an agent decreases to half its original strength. The longer the half-life of an agent, the slower it leaves the body
heparin an anticoagulant that is a component of various tissues and mast cells
histamine a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, and vasodilator (capillaries and arterioles) that causes a fall in blood pressure
minimum effective concentration the minimum concentration of a drug that must be present for that drug to be effective
rate of dissolution a condition by which the more rapidly a drug dissolves, the faster the onset of its effects will be
salicylates any salt of salicylic acid; used in aspirin
steroids a large family of chemical substances, including endocrine secretions and hormones
therapeutic drugs prescription or over-the-counter medications used to treat an injury or illness
therapeutic range the range between the minimum effective concentration and toxic concentration
toxic concentration concentration of drug levels in the blood plasma that are too high and, therefore, increase the risk of toxic effects
vehicles substances combined with medications that use enteral routes to facilitate entry into the body
Created by: vech13