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evaluation lower ext

lower extremity & low back

QuestionAnswer
What type of joint is the hip? Enarthrodial
Teres Ligament Attaches from deep in acetabulum to a depression in femoral head, slightly limits adductions
Ischiofemoral ligament Located posteriorly, extends from ischium to trochanteric fossa of femur, limits internal rotation
What is an increase in the angle of inclination of the femoral head? Coxa valgum
What is a decrease in the angle of inclination of the femoral head? Coxa varum
What is the angle of torsion & its normal degree? Angle formed by the femoral neck with the femoral condyles. 15 degrees is normal
What is anteversion? An angle of torsion greater than 15 degrees. Appears to lack ER and has a "toe in" gait.
What is retroversion? An angle of torsion less than 15 degrees. Appears to lack IR and has a "toe out" gait.
What is the Iliofemoral ligament & what are its attachments? Runs from AIIS and superior rim of the acetabulu to the anterior asect of the acetabulum anterior to the lesser trochanter. It checks IR and Extension
What is the ischiofemoral ligament & what are its attachments? Runs from the ischium just posterior to the rm of the acetabulum to the posterosuperior aspect of the femur. It checks IR and Extension.
What is the Pubofemoral ligament & what are its attachments? Runs from the pubis to the femur just anterior to the lesser trochanter. Checks abduction & IR
What is the ligament teres & what are its attachments? Runs from the fovea of the femoral head to the inferior aspect of the acetabulum. It helps to provide ascularization to the head of the femur. Helps to lubercate the joint.
What are the three muscles to make up the femoral triangle? Inguinal ligament, adductor longus, & sartorius
What runs through the femoral triangle? Femoral nerve, Femoral artery. & femoral vein
What are the ROM degrees of hip flexion/extension? Flexion: 0-130 degrees Extension: 0-30 degrees
What is the ROM of the hip abduction/adduction? Abduction: 45 degrees Adduction: 20 degrees
what is the ROM of the hip IR/ER? IR: 0-45 degrees ER: 0-50 degrees
What makes up the lumbar plexus? Anterior rami of spinal nerves L1-L4
What makes up the sacral plexus? Anterior rami of L4, L5, & S1-S4
Created by: vech13