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OTHA 1301 9b

HCC OT Medical Terminology Lesson 9 Medical Terms

calcic (calc ic) of, or pertaining to, calcium
calcemia (calc em ia) the presence of an abnormally large amount of calcium in the blood
calcaneus (calcane us) name of the heel bone, the large tarsal (ankle) bone that forms the heel
calcareous (calcare ous) pertaining to or containing lime or calcium; chalky
chiropractic (chir o pract ic) a method of treating disease by manipulation of the body, especially manipulation or the spine with the hands
chiropractor (chir o pract or) one who practices chiropractic
cheirarthritis (cheir arthr itis) inflammation of the joints of the hands including the joints of the fingers
cineradiography (cine radi o graph y) the making of motion picture records of images produced by X-rays
cineangiography (cine angi o graph y) the recording of images of the blood vessels through motion picture techniques
cineangiocardiography (cine angi o cardi o graph y) the recording of images of the heart and blood vessels through motion picture techniques
kine-, kinesi- (kine si-) forms denoting relationship to movement
kinemia (kin em ia) movement of the blood from the heart
kinesitherapy (kines i therap y) the treatment of disease by movement or exercise
-kinesia, -kinesis (-kines ia, -kine sis) combinations meaning abnormal movement
bradykinesia (brady kines ia) slow movement
kinetic (kinet ic) pertaining to or producing motion
kinetism (kinet ism) the ability to perform or begin muscular motion
collagen (colla gen) the gelatinlike or sticky substances of skin, bone, cartilage and connective tissue
collagenous (colla gen ous) forming or producing collagen; pertaining to collagen
collagenogenic (colla gen o gen ic) pertaining to the production of collagen
colloid (coll oid) gelatinlike or resembling glue or starch
cutis (cut is) the skin; the outer protective covering of the body
cuticle (cut icle) ”a little skin”; the outer layer of the skin; the ep/onych/ium
cutitis (cut itis) inflammation of the skin
subcutaneous (sub cutan eous) situated or occurring beneath the skin
transcutaneous (trans cutan eous) through the skin
digital (digit al) pertaining to the digits (fingers or toes)
dorsum (dors um) name for the back; the back of the body
dorsal (dors al) pertaining to the back or the “backside”; denoting a position more toward the back surface than to some other object of reference
dorsad (dors ad) toward the back or the “backside”
subdorsal (sub dors al) situated below the dorsal (back) region
dorsolateral (dors o later al) pertaining to the back and side
dysentery (dys enter y) abdominal disorders marked by inflammation of the intestines and accompanied by pain in the abdomen, cramp and frequent bowel movements containing blood and mucus
dyspepsia (dys peps ia) indigestion; a weakening or lessening of the power or function of digestion
dysphagia (dys phag ia) difficulty in swallowing
dyspnea (dys pne a) difficult or labored breathing
dystrophy (dys trophy) a disorder arising from defective or faulty nutrition; faulty development
encephal- (en cephal) ”within the head”; usually with reference to the brain; however, the reference may be to other conditions within the head as, for example, encephalagia, “pain within the head” or headache
enostosis (en ost osis) an abnormal bony growth developed within the cavity of a bone
empathy (em path y) ”feeling within”; the entering into the feelings of another person
emplastic (em plast ic) literally “pertaining to forming within”; adhesive; a constipating medicine
gangliocytoma (gangli o cyt oma) a tumor containing ganglion cells
ganglioplexus (gangli o plex us) a network (plexus) of nerve fibers in a ganglion
ganglionectomy (gangli on ectomy) excision of a ganglion
geminate (gemin ate) paired; occurring in pairs; also called bi/gemin/al
geminus (gemin us) a twin
gemini (gemin i) twins
graduate (grad u ate) a container marked with a series of lines used to measure volume / one who receives a degree
retrograde (retr o grad e) going backward
digitigrade (digit i grade) characterized by walking on the toes
granul- (gran ul) form denoting relationship to small particles
granule (gran ul e) a small particle
granulation (gran u lation) the formation in wounds of small rounded fleshy masses
granuloma (gran ul oma) a tumor composed of grainy tissue
granuloplastic (gran ul o plast ic) forming granules
labium (labi um) a fleshy border or edge; used as a general term to designate such a structure
labial (labi al) pertaining to a lip; pertaining to a labium
labiodental (labi o dent al) pertaining to the lips and teeth
labiology (labi ology) the study of the movements of the lips in singing and speaking
lateral (later al) pertaining to a side; also, denoting a position farther from the middle or the midline of the body or of a structure
laterad (later ad) toward a side
lateroposition (later o position) displacement to one side
laterality (later al ity) a tendency to use the organs (hand, foot, ear, eye) of the same side
mammi-, mammo- (mamm i-, mamm o-) forms denoting relationship to the breast or the milk secreting gland in the breast of a female (the mast/aden-)
mamma (mamm a) name for the breast
mammary (mamm ary) pertaining to the breast
mamill- an element used to denote the nipple of the breast or any nipplelike structure
mamilla (mamill a) name for the nipple or any nipplelike structure
mammoplasty (mamm o plasty) plastic reconstruction of the breast
mammogram (mamm o gram) x-ray of the breast
mastalgia (mast algia) pain in the mammary gland
mastectomy (mast ectomy) excision of the breast; mammectomy
microblepharia (micr o blephar ia) small eyelids
microcephaly (micr o cephal y) small head
microcardia (micr o cardia) small heart
microaden- (micr o aden-) small glands, usually small lymph glands
microangi- (micr o angi-) small blood vessels
microscope (micr o scop e) an instrument used to obtain a large image of small objects
microscopic (micr o scop ic) of extremely small size; visible only by the aid of a microscope
microsurgery (micr o surgery) dissection of small structures under the microscope
microphthalmia (micr ophthalm ia) abnormal smallness of the eyes
micropsia (micr ops ia) a condition in which objects are seen as smaller than they usually are
micrencephaly (micr en cephal y) abnormal smallness of the brain
micropsychia (micr o psych ia) literally “a condition of small mind”; feebleness of the mind, feeble-minded
pepsin (peps in) a substance secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion process
peptic (pept ic) pertaining to digestion, such as a peptic ulcer
dyspepsia (dys peps ia) faulty digestion; indigestion
bradypepsia (brady peps ia) slow digestion
periodontal (peri odont al) situated or occurring around a tooth
periosteoma (peri oste oma) a morbid bony growth surrounding a bone
periadenitis (peri aden itis) inflammation of the tissues around a gland
periosteum (peri oste um) a specialized connective tissue covering all bones of the body
pericardium (peri card ium) the fibrous sac that surrounds the heart
phobia (phob ia) a condition or state of abnormal fear
phobe, -phobe (phob e, -phob e) one having a specified phobia
phobic, -phobic (phob ic, -phob ic) of the nature of or pertaining to phobia or morbid fear
phobophobia (phob o phob ia) a condition marked by fear of one’s own fear
photic (phot ic) pertaining to light
photoallergy (phot o allergy) an allergic type of sensitivity to light
photophobia (phot o phob ia) abnormal intolerance of light
photosensitive (phot o sensitive) sensitive to light
photo-opthalmia (phot o –opthalm ia) blindness or severe inflammation of the eye caused by intense light such as an electric light, rays of welding arc, or reflection from snow
pleura (pleur a) name for the membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic (lung) cavity
pleural (pleur al) pertaining to the pleura
pleurisy, pleuritis (pleur isy, pleur itis) inflammation of the pleura
pleuropneumonia (pleur o pneumon ia) pleurisy complicated with pneumonia
pleurocholecystitis (pleur o chole cyst itis) inflammation of the pleura and the gallbladder
prolabium (pro labi um) the prominent central part of the upper lip
prolapse (pro lapse) a slipping forward (or out of place) of an organ or part of the body; a displacement (lapse means “a fall”)
proptosis (pro ptosis) a forward displacement
prootic (pro ot ic) situated in front of the ear
proencephalon (pro en cephal on) the front part of the brain
rachis (rachi s) name for the spinal column
rachidial, rachidian (rachidi al, rachidi an) pertaining to the spinal column
rachitis (rach itis) inflammation of the spine; a disease commonly known as rickets, in which there is a failure to form bones properly and a softening of the bones because of a lack of vitamin D
rachitic (rach it ic) pertaining to or affected with rickets or rachitis
rachicentesis (rachi centesis) puncture into the spine
tarsus of the lower eyelid (tars us) the edge of the lower eyelid
tarsus of the upper eyelid (tars us) the edge of the upper eyelid
tarsitis (tars itis) inflammation of the tarsus or edge of the eyelid; blepharitis
Created by: Duane T
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