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OPP point systems

Chapman's, trigger, acupuncture, wvsom

What is myofascia? Myo=muscles Fascia= connective tissue Surrounds, seperates and lies within muscles
What are some symptoms that might indicate myofascia problems? Pain Stiffnes Muscle weakness Muscle fatigue Poor posture headache back pain organ dysfunction things that don't make sense
Myofascial point system A clinical system of diagnosis and treatment that is based on locating points on the body. These points have an anatomical and physiological basis
Myofascial systems Counterstrain tender point (Jones tender points) Chapman reflex Trigger point (aka Travell or Travell & Simons trigger points) Acuptuncture point
True or False, Point based systems work therapeutically in different ways? True
What should the systematic points relate to? The patients symptom or suspected underlying process.
What five things are important to know about the points They are flags, they are reliable, they reveal a pattern, they help you differentiate, they are targets
what can points be used for? diagnosis and treatment
hyperirritable point on tissue that represents somatic dysfunction Counterstrain Tender Points
Where are counterstrain tenderpoints located? Located in muscle belly, origins, or insertions, as well as fascial raphe
What is the basis of a counterstrain tenderpoint? focal muscle spasm or area of increased nociception.
Who discovered and mapped counterstrain tender points? Lawrence Jones, DO
Why is the treatment of counterstrain tenderpoints beneficial to the patient? quick relief gentle and well tolerated may use in appropriate acute situations
Why are counterstrain tenderpoints beneficial from a diagnostic and treatement perspective? diagnosis easy treat local point positioning helped by patient feedback can be time consuming (multiple points) pulsatile release (may be palpable)
What are the three counterstrain principles? Patient must relax Communicate Hold and Slow
reflex points that present as anterior and posterior fascial tissue texture abnormalities assumed to be visceral dysfunction or pathology Chapman point
What are the characteristics of a Chapman point? gangliform contractions” plaque-like, stringiness, small, round, nodules usually tender usually lie near bony or cartilaginous sites
What is the basis for Chapman points? represent viscero-somatic reflexes via visceral-sympathetic pathways
What will a recurrent type II somatic dysfunction indicate? visceral component
What are three anatomic components of the viscero-somatic pathway role of spinal interneurons, SNS dysfunction, and lymphatic blockage
Who first described Chapman's points? Frank Chapman, DO
Who first published material on Chapman's points? Charles Owen, DO
What are some views a patient may have about Chapman's points? may not be symptomatic unless palpated patient may not relate it to an organic condition
What are diagnostic benefits for the physician regarding Chapman's points? anterior (relatively superficial), posterior (deeper) lateralizing to side of organic condition tenderness should be palpable (not always as beginner) should respond quickly to treatment can monitor for recurrence and/or severity
What are the treatment principles for deciding Chapman's points? innervation specific not necessarily organ specific; precise location; pain intensity (benign vs. pathologic); lack of finding ≠ no problem
What are the treatment principles for deciding Chapman's points? innervation specific, but not necessarily organ specific;location is precise pain intensity may not relate to nature (benign vs. pathologic) lack of finding ≠ no problem
Who worked with myofascial trigger points? Dr. Janet Travell
a hyperirritable spot in skeletal muscle that is associated with a hypersensitive palpable nodule in a taut band Trigger point
Trigger points are.. active vs latent and have a radiation pattern specific to that point
What is the basis of a trigger point? a taut band of contracted and tender muscle fibers
What are physiological findings of a trigger point? multiple causative factors impaired circulation implicated in somatic dysfunction* research supports neuromuscular dysfunction
What is a patient perspective on trigger points? symptoms can be perplexing where it hurts may not be where the problem is can have symptoms lasting years to life-long
What is the physician perspective on trigger points? symptoms can be perplexing a variety of symptoms aside from pain often not sought after or recognized look for reproduction of patient’s symptoms snapping tenderness/muscle contraction may be a twitch response to injection or dry-needling
In the order of importance, what are the principles regarding trigger points? study think search (history, exam) go after stretch treat somatic dysfunction
A trigger point in the buccinator might indicate what? upper gum pain
A trigger point in the trapezius might indicate what? Retro-orbital pain Pain behind the ear
A trigger point in the sternocleidomastoid might indicate what? ipsilateral hearing loss (clavicular branch) tongue pain (sternal branch) visual disturbances chronic cough TMJ pain (sternal)
What are the components and dimensions of an acupuncture needle? Composed of stainless steel shaft and a spiraled handle of copper, bronze, or other alloy Typical needle is 1 to 8 cm long, 0.3-0.4 mm in diameter or 26 to 28 gauge
How many microvolts and at what temperature should an acupuncture needle be? 3 microvolts of electrical potential with tip at body temperature and handle at room temperature
How long does an acupuncture needle take to reach equilibrium? This gradient reaches equilibrium in 10-15 minutes
Is acupuncture an experimental procedure? No
How does the FDA have acupuncture classified? Class B (surgical) medical device
based on concept of flow of Qi (energy) through meridians (channels) that are accessed by points as found on traditional acupuncture charts Classical acupuncture
Utilizes anatomical trigger point, motor point, and tender point injections to decrease pain, muscle spasticity, and for dermatomal pain relief neuroanatomical acupuncture
the use of electrical impulses to achieve effects on pain transmission via neurologic (primary sensory cortex, spinal cord, midbrain) and neuroendocrine effects electroacupuncture
reflex somatotopic system (homunculus) organized on the surface of the external ear auricular acupuncture
Describe the acupuncture energetics model. electrical fields result from the sum of metabolic activity within organs the paths of least resistance are interfascial planes between muscle groups or cleavage planes Meridians (channels) are the surface representations of these paths
Name a physiological and histological description of acupuncture points. occur in areas of decreased skin surface electrical resistance histologic: loose bundles of connective tissue, often overlying neurovascular bundles
True or false. All of the acupuncture points have been found. False new points are being discovered and used
True or False. There is a scientific basis to differentiate between real and sham points. True. technetium 99 Studies in France: linear flow of 6 cm/min in real acupuncture points; No flow in sham points
What types of diagnosis can acupuncture help? Addictions Stroke rehabilitation Headache Menstrual cramps Carpal tunnel Low back pain Asthma Fibromyalgia Tennis elbow
How do we diagnose? After a thorough medical exam and considering multiple possibilities.
Created by: 1385681986
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