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Foundations 607

5 Models of Osteopathic Care

what is the osteopathic approach to patient care? use of the 4 tenets of Osteopathy 1. human being is a dynamic unit of function 2. body has self-regulatory (homeostatic) mechanisms that are self-healing in nature 3. structure & function are interrelated 4. rational treatment is based on these princi
what are the 5 Basic integrative & coordinated body functions & coping strategies? 1. posture & motion 2. gross & cellular respiratory & circulatory factors 3. metabolic processes 4. neurologic integration 5. psychosocial, cultural, behavioral and spiritual elements
what are the 5 models of osteopathic care? 1. biomechanical 2. respiratory-circulatory 3. metabolic 4. neurological 5. behavioral
what comprises the Biomechanical Model? Structure (anatomy): bones, muscles & Function (physiology): coordination and symmetry of musculoskeletal & myofascial structures in posture & motion
what is the goal of addressing the biomechanical model? improve function by addressing problems in myofascial connective tissues & bony & soft tissues to remove restrictive forces & enhance motion.. accomplished w/use of OMT
what comprises the Respiratory-Circulatory model? structure: thoracic inlet, thoracic & pelvic diaphragms, costal cage, tenotium cerebelli function: respiration, circulation, venous & lymphatic drainage
what is the goal of treating respiratory-circulatory model? to improve all of the diaphragm restrictions in the body. diaphragms are transverse restrictors of motion, venous & lymph drainage & csf
which OMT techniques best improve respiratory-circulatory function? cranial field techniques ligamentous articular strain myofascial release lymphatic pump HVLA & MET for spinal somatic dysfunction at transition zones
which OMT techniques best improve biomechanical function? HVLA muscle energy counterstrain myofascial release ligamentous articular & functional techniques (wide range)
what comprises the metabolic model? anatomy: internal organs, endocrine glands physiology: metabolic processes, homeostasis, energy balance, regulatory processes, immunological activities & inflammation repair, digestion, absorption of nutrients, removal of waste & reproduction
what is the goal of treating metabolic model? enhance self-regulatory/healing mechanisms, foster energy conservation (balance energy expenditure & exchange) & enhance immune system, & endocrine/organ function
what OMT techniques are used to improve metabolic function? not necessarily manipulative in nature removing somatic dysfunction will facilitate efficiency of motion & decrease energy expenditure. Nutritional counseling, diet/exercise advice & conservative use of medication to improve cellular/metabolic function
what makes up the anatomy & physiology of the neurologic model? structure: head, brain, spinal cord, autonomic nervous systemn, peripheral nerves function: control, coordination & integration of body functions, protective mechanisms & sensation
what is the goal of treating neurological model? attain autonomic balance & address neural reflex activity, remove facilitated segments, decrease afferent nerve signals & relieve pain
which OMT techniques are used to improve neurologic function? functional, counterstrain, inhibition & chapman reflex points & any OMT that treats spinal dysfunction
what comprises the behavioral model? anatomy: brain physiology: physiological & social activities (anxiety, stress, work, family), habits (sleep, drug use, sexual activities, exercise, values, attitudes, beliefs)
what is the goal of treating behavioral model? to improve biological, psychological & social components of pt health. includes emotional balancing & compensatory mechanisms. reproductive processes & behavioral adaption too.
what is the relationship of the MSK system to the 5 models? -provides framework where all other systems reside -represents entry point for diagnosis & treatment -often reflects/gives clues to internal problems
Created by: mike7