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PSSA literary terms

PSSA Reading Glossary

a prefix or a suffix affix
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words alliteration
an implied or indirect reference in literature to a familiar person, place, or event allusion
a word that is the opposite of another word antonym
a noun that immediately follows another noun and is set off by commas appositive
the author's intent to inform or teach about something, to entertain, or to persuade or convince their readers to do or not to do something author's purpose
the topic and a specific feeling or idea associated with it thesis
the story of a person's life written by himself or herself autobiography
a judgment based on a personal point of view bias
the story of a person's life written by someone other than the subject of the writing biography
the method an author uses to reveal characters and their personalities characterization
the turning point in a narrative; the moment when the conflict is at its most intense climax
placing characters, situations, or ideas together to show common features compare
a word composed of two or more smaller words compound word
the ending of a story or the summarization of ideas conclusion
a struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions conflict or problem
information from the reading that identifies a word or a group of words context clues
to show differences contrast
a conversation between people dialogue
to examine and to judge carefully evaluate
to make an overstatement or to stretch the truth exaggerate
a narrative intended to convey a moral; animals or inanimate objects with human characteristics are often characters fable
an attack on a person instead of an issue (propaganda) name calling
appeal that tries to persuade the reader to do, think, or buy something because it's popular or because "everyone" is doing it (propaganda) bandwagon
an attempt to distract the reader with details not relevant to the argument (propaganda) red herring
a technique that tries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to the reader's emotions instead of to logic and reason (propaganda) emotional appeal
a technique that attempts to persuade the reader by using a famous person to endorse a product or idea (propaganda) testimonial
a technique that attempts to persuade the reader by repeating a message over and over again (propaganda) repetition
a technique that makes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information (propaganda) sweeping generalization
states a conclusion as part of the proof of an argument (propaganda) circular argument
a technique that attempts to persuade the reader by showing how many people think something is true (propaganda) appeal to numbers, facts, or statistics
Created by: angiebaughman



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