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Ch. 6 Review

Physiology 2420

QuestionAnswer
organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones primary endocrine organs
organs whose secretion of hormones is secondary to another function secondary endocrine organs
a region in the base of the brain that regulates autonomic functions and secretes several hormones, most of which regulate secretory activity of the pituitary gland hypothalamus
primary endocrine gland connected to the hypothalamus at the base of the brain pituitary gland
The posterior pituitary gland secretes two peptide hormones. What are they? ADH (antidiuretic hormone) and Oxytocin
hormones that regulate the secretion of hormones tropic hormones
__________ hormone increases the secretion of another hormone. Stimulating
_________ hormone decreases the secretion of another hormone. Inhibiting
primary endocrine gland located in the brain; secretes the hormone melatonin pineal gland
butterfly-shaped primary endocrine gland located from the hypothalamus that stimulates secretion of TSH from the anterior pituitary thyroid gland
primary endocrine gland located near the heart; secretes the hormone thymosin; also is site of T lymphocyte maturation thymus
primary endocrine gland located above the kidneys; divided into an outer cortex and an inner medulla adrenal glands
outer portion of the adrenal gland; secretes adrenocorticosteroids adrenal cortex
steroid hormones secreted from the adrenal cortex adrenalcorticoids
steroid hormones secreted from the adrenal cortex that regulate sodium reabsorbtion and potassium secretion by the kidneys; ex. aldosterone mineralocorticoids
steroid hormones secreted from the adrenal cortex that regulate the body's response to stress, regulate protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism in a variety of tissues, and regulate blood glucose levels; ex. cortisol glucocorticoids
steroid hormones including estrogens, progesterone, and androgens secreted from the adrenal cortex and gonads that regulate reproductive function, promote gametogenesis, growth and maintenance of reproductive organs. sex hormones
inner portion of the adrenal gland; secretes catecholamines adrenal medulla
a gland located in the abdominal cavity that performs endocrine and exocrine functions; secretes pancreatic juices and hormones, including insulin and glucagon pancreas
in endocrine system, when one hormone opposes the actions of another hormone antagonism
in the endocrine system, indicates that the effect of two hormones is simply the sum of the effects of each hormone additive
pertaining to a process in which the net effect is greater than the sum of the individual effects synergistic
phenomenon in which one hormone is needed for another hormone to exert its actions permissiveness
Created by: GracieLou