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Galax Vocab 1

Vocab 1

Boot A computer term meaning to "start up the system"
Start button Used to shut down the system.
Ergonomics The study of how equipment and humans work effectively together.
Computer A machine that understands input that is in the correct form
Data "a single fact"
information The result of processing data - has meaning
Input The step in the information processing cycle where data is entered into the computer.
Output Information that a computer generates as a result of its processing; the last step of the computing cycle.
Output The step in the processing cycle that is served by the monitor, the speakers, and the printer.
Monitor One of the computer hardwares that provides output.
Hardware any part of the computer that can be touched
server a computer that links other computers or electronic devices together
point move the mouse so the pointer points to an item
click click the left mouse button and let go, used to select objects
Double Click Quickly click the left mouse button twice
right click Press right mouse button to show menu
drag press and hold down the left mouse button and move the pointer to another location
cursor The lighted point on a screen showing where the next character or space can be entered.
Window Working area or "desktop" shown on the screen with Microsoft Windows
Maximize/restore "window" takes over the whole screen becoming as large as possible
minimize "window" is as small as possible; becomes an icon rather than a window
bit smallest unit of information a computer handles, 0 or 1
Byte eight bits arranged in sequence; comparable to the amount needed to store one character
kilobyte 1024 bytes, 1/2 a page
megabyte one million bytes, 500 pages
gigabyte one billion bytes, 1000 books
RAM The computer's main working memory. It is temporary and depends on electricity.
ROM Permanent computer memory that contains instructions that the computer needs.
Hard Drive Where data is stored within a computer.
Software A set of instructions written in a language to tell the computer what to do.
Windows The name given to the graphical operating system produced by Microsoft Corp.
Operating software Software that regulates the way application software programs use computer hardware and the way users control the computer.
Application software The category of computer software that gives the computer the instructions to be able to process words, draw, file, play music, play games.
Utility Software Computer software that fixes hardware and software problems - like virus software.
Backup A duplicate copy of a program, disk, or data.
Cache Temporary storage on the computer that the user has no control over and is often unaware of its existence.
Buffer Temporary storage that is managed by the user - the clipboard is Windows' buffer.
Cut and paste Removing data from a location and placing it somewhere else.
Copy and paste Copying data from a location and placing it somewhere else - the original still remains in the document as well as the copy.
Icon A picture that represents a command, a program, or a document.
Transistor An electrical switch with no moving parts; circuit boards are made up of a large number of transistors.
WYSIWYG What you see is what you get - when you print a document, it looks just like what was on your computer screen.
Glitch A timing error in a computer.
Computer language The code that makes up software instructions to tell the computer what to do.
default computer setting The computer setting determined by the person writing the program.
Directory A software feature that organizes files that have something in common.
JPEG A compression technique for color images that can reduce file sizes to about 5% of their normal size.
Created by: Ms. Howell