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KA 2011

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Software that makes a computer become a game unit, drawing tool, word processor, filing cabinet or calculator. Application
A computer term meaning to start up the system. boot
Any piece of computer equipment that can be touched. hardware
Instructions the computer follows to make it function. software
The space in or used with the computer where information is stored. memory
Smallest unit of information a computer handles bit
Eight bits arranged in sequence byte
1024 bytes of memory kilobyte
Approximately one million bytes megabyte
Approximately one billion bytes gigabyte
Measure of computer memory. byte
Computer memory that contains instructions that do not need to be changed. Permanent memory. ROM
Computer’s main working memory. Temporary memory. RAM
Text and data that are entered into a computer. (Noun)The process of entering text and data. (Verb)Microphone, mouse, keyboard, camera Input
Information that a computer creates as a result of its processing. output
The science of designing machines and working environments to suit human needs. ergonomics
A key on the keyboard that moves the cursor to the left margin of the next line (soft/system) when text exceeds the line length. Also known as RETURN. enter
Make a duplicate copy of a program, disk, or data copy
A software program that is required to allow the user to access the Internet. browser
The part of the computer where the arithmetic and logical operations are performed. Also known as the microprocessor. CPU
A letter, symbol, or number. character
Information. Came from the latin, datum, which means “a single fact.” Singular & plural form. data
A function of the software that moves the cursor automatically to the next line when the text exceeds the margin. wordwrap
The rectangular area in a spreadsheet or database (listview) where data is inputted. cell
Actual numeric value of data in cell cell value
The vertical and horizontal lines on a screen used in spreadsheets and databases. gridlines
A verb describing the movement of the mouse or cursor. drag
A picture or image on a computer screen or in a computer file. graphic
The hardware where data is stored within a computer server. hard drive
The name given to the graphical operating system produced by Microsoft Corp. Windows
A list of files. Also known as a “folder” in Windows. Directory
A vertical grouping of data. column
The code that makes up software instructions.
High level - QBASIC, Java, C++
An editing activity where copy (words, numbers, symbols) is removed from the document and saved to a buffer of memory to put somewhere else in a document. cut and paste
An editing activity where copy (words, numbers, symbols) is duplicated and saved to a buffer of memory to put somewhere else in a document. copy and paste
The part of society that exists in networked computer systems rather than in a physical location. cyberspace
Uniform Resource Locator URL
An Internet site that is designed to find information. search engine
Logic used in Search Engine software; Named after the mathematician who discovered that logical reasoning could be represented in math terms; George Boole (1815- 1864). Boolean logic
Electronic mail E-mail
Sending information electronically from one computer to using a network. E-mail
Emails sent without consent. spam
Appearance of printed characters. font
The computer setting determined by the software developer or preset by the user. default
A picture that represents a command, a program, or a document. icon
A list of options. menu
Computer hardware; Provides a visual output. monitor
Software feature that allows the user to move through the document. scroll
A key that switches the computer back and forth from one function to another toggle
A word processing editing feature that makes characters disappear as new characters are keyed in. overtype or typeover
A computer program that that is written to cause harm. virus
Main circuit board; where the RAM chips, ROM chip and CPU are located. motherboard
Where daughterboards like video cards and sound cards are attached. motherboard
00000000, 00000001, 00000010, 00000011 binary code
A “low level” computer language; a machine language. binary code
What you see on the screen is the way the document will print out. WYSIWYG
Temporary pocket of memory stored on the RAM chip; also known as clipboard buffer
To setup a document so it appears the way someone wants it to appear. format
A collection of data database
A category in a database. field
Last name, First name, Birthdate Fields
• Record
The items listed in a database regarding one individual or thing. record
Records are made up of
Timing error in a computer. glitch
Local Area Network LAN
A network of computers within a building or buildings, like GCPS’s. LAN
A Windows software feature that makes a “window” take over the whole screen or become as large as possible. maximize
To make a “window” as small as possible. minimize
Helvetica, Times New Roman, Arial, Bernhard typeface
The measure used in determining size of a character used in text. points
72 points = 1 inch
10 or 12 points font size used for letters and reports
The large international network of computers which host websites. Internet
A hardware device with multiple keys/buttons used to input data into a computer. keyboard
Italics Text style that is slanted
Application software designed to create and edit text documents word processing
Software designed to do math Spreadsheet
The blank area that frames a document. Typical default is 1". margin
Top margin of a manuscript/report? 2 inches
A keyboard function that advances the cursor to a preset location. tab
Used to indent a paragraph. Used to align columns in a table. Tab
A type/font style that appears darker. bold
Created by: campbellkuhn