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LA Terms Midterm

8th Grade Literary Terms for Midterm

DefinitionAnswer
a reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, the arts, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, or science. allusion
a contrast between expectation and reality. irony
we say just the opposite of what we mean verbal irony
what happens is different from what we expect. situational irony
we know somthing the character doesn't know. dramatic irony
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and audience. tone
with negative attitude: tending to see only the negative or worst aspects of all things and to expect only bad or unpleasant things to happen. pessimistic
with positive attitude: tending to take a hopeful and positive view of future outcomes. optimistic
taking no sides. neutral
an unfair preference for or dislike of something. bias-preference
fixed idea about people that does not allow for any individuality. sterotype
way of expressing yourself, that is deliberately less forceful or dramatic than the subject would seem to justify or require Example: Describing a canary: It's a bit yellow. understatement
point from which a story is told. point of view
one of the characters, using the personal pronoun I, tells the story. first person point of view
the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character (he or she). third-person limited point of view
(all-knowing) point of view – the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems (he or she). third person omniscient
the narrator speaks directly to the reader, using the pronoun you. second person point of view
plot of events to show what happened in earlier times. flashback
(like or as) a comparison between two like things. simile
(doesn't use like or as) comparion between two unlike things. metaphor
way writer reveals the personality of character. characterization
writer tells us about the character. direct characterization
writer depends on the reader to draw conclusions about character traits. indirect characterization
is one or more words that imitate or suggest the source of the sound they are describing. Common occurrences include animal noises, such as "oink" or "meow" or "roar". Since they conform to some extent to the broader linguistic system they are part of, th onomatopoeia
a figure of speech in which statements are exaggerated. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is rarely meant to be taken literally. hyperbole
an expression peculiar (limited) to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of the words. idiom
a lesson, idea, or moral that a literary work reveals about life; theme is not the same as the subject. Example: Be careful what you wish for; love conquers all theme
a less offensive synonym: a word used in place of a term that might be considered too direct, harsh, unpleasant, or offensive. Example: "She passed away", meaning: "She died" . euphemism
the overall feeling/emotion of a work Example: scary, happy, sad, nostalgic, eerie. mood
a person or animal in a story, play, or other literary work. character
the time and place of a story, play, or narrative poem. setting
a series of related events that make up a story. plot
a struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces. conflict/problem
the point in the story that creates the greatest suspense, interest, or emotion. climax
the final part of the story. resolution
struggle with an outside force (society, another character, or a natural force). external conflict
writers’ use of clues or hints to suggest events that will happen later in a story. foreshadowing
struggle takes place within a character’s own mind. internal conflict
in contrast, is a statement that reflects the writer’s or speaker’s belief, but which cannot be supported by proof or evidence. opinion
a fact is a statement that can be proved. fact
figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics. personification
the repeated occurrence of a consonant sound at the beginning of several words in the same phrase. Example - "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. It is usually used as a form of figurative language. alliteration
an opinion piece written by the senior editorial staff or publisher of a newspaper or magazine. editorial
the dominant or most important conflict in the story. central conflict
Created by: Devin Brasfield