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LABS1

different lav tests available

QuestionAnswer
a test given to diagnose the cause of prolonged vomitting, diarrhea, weakness, and respiratory distress. Chloride test
What are the normal results for a chloride test? 96-106 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L)
What is the abbreviation for Chloride? Cl
What fluids does the chloride test require? Blood and/or urine
Increased level of chloride in the blood usually indicates what three things? Dehydration,Cushings syndrome, or kidney disease
What fluids does the glucose test require? Blood and/or urine
What is the normal blood glucose level? 70-150 mg
what is the normal urine glucose level? 0 mg
What is the abbreviation for for glucose? glc
What do abnormally high or low glucose levels indicate? Diabetes or previous strokes
What is the body's primary source or energy? Glucose
How is glucose formed? When the body digests carbohydrates
what is glucose regulated by? insulin
What is insulin produced by? Pancreas
What can happen if glucose levels are not properly regulated? can develop serious conditions such as diabetes or a diabetic coma
What measures the nitrogen in the blood that is produced by urea? Blood Urea Nitrogen test
What is the abbreviation for the Blood Urea Nitorgen Test? BUN
Why is the BUN test important? It indicates how well the kidneys are functioning
What fluids are used for the BUN test? Blood
Whst is the normal results for the BUN test? 10-20 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) 3.6-7.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)
What do high levels indicate in a BUN test? kidney disease, dehydration, kidney stones
What do low levels indicate in a BUN test? malnutrition, overhydration, liver damage
What measures the three forms of carbon dioxide in your blood? carbon dioxide test
What fluids are used in the carbong dioxide test? blood
what is the abbreviation of carbon dioxide? CO2
What is the normal CO2 range for adults? 23-29 mmol/L
what is the normal CO2 range for children? 20-28 mmol/L
what is the normal CO2 range for babies? 13-22 mmol/L
What do high levels of CO2 indicate? COPD, emphysema, pneumonia, Cushings syndrome, Conn's
What do low levels of C02 indicate? pneumonia, cirrhosis, liver failure, hyperventilation, kidney failure, heart failure, starvation
Whta is the abbreviation of potassium? K
What fluids does the potassium require? blood and/or urine
what are normal potassium levels? 3.6-4.8 milliequivalents per liter of blood
What do high potassium levels indicate? hyperkalemia
What do low potassium levels indicate? hypokalemia
Created by: hst12345