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Lab draws

lab draws, definitions, and codes

QuestionAnswer
Tests blood Type ABO/RH Blood Type *2 Lavender*
Checks hepatitis A, B, and C Acute Hepatitis Panel *SST*
Average of blood sugar over 3 months A1C *Lavender*
Liver function, part of CMP Alk Phos *SST*
Break Down of the 5 proteins in Alk Phos Alk Phos Fractioned *Red*
Enzymes from the digestive tract that are activated within gastrointestinal infections Amaylase & Lipase *SST*
Used to screen for autoimmune disorders ANA (Antinuclear Antibodies) *SST*
Liver Protein, part of CMP Albumin *SST*
Indicator of heart failure, will elevate when cardiac muscle is damaged. BN Peptide (B-Type Natriuretic Pepatide)*Lavender*
Kidney Function, part of CMP BUN (Blood Urea Nitorgen) *SST*
Vitamin essential for preventing anemia and fatigue. B12 *SST*
WBC,RBC,HGB,HCT,PLTS CBC (Complete Blood Count) *Lavender*
ALB,Alk Phos,ALT/AST,CAL,CO2,CHL,Globulin,K,Na,Bili,BS. CMP (Comprehensive Metabolic Panel) *SST*
Herpes virus transmittes by ticks and other insects CMV (CytoMegalo Virus) *SST*
Protein produced by the liver, rises when there is inflammation throughout the body. CRP (C-Reactive Protein) *Red*
A tumor marker, specifis for the detection of ovarian cancer, CA 125 (Cancer Antigen 125)*SST*
Kidney function test, break down of creatinine phosphate in the muscle, usually produced at a fairly constant rate, chiefly filleted out by the kidneys Creatinine *SST*
A Chemical element with the symbol Fe, responsible for preventing fatigue. Low iron is indicative of blood loss/the amount of iron being absorbed by the cells % of iron in system. Iron (Fe or TIBC) and %SAT *SST*
Cardiac enzyme broken down in time of cardiac trama or severe muscle break down CK or CPK (Creatinine Kinase)*SST*
Checks for bacteria in the stool, most common cause of diarrhea. C-Diff Stool Spec (Clostridium Difficile)*Urine Cup, Frozen-stool kit*
Cardiac medication to slow heart. Digoxin *Red*
To help diagnose or rule out thrombotic diseases and conditions. D-Dimer *BLUE, spin 15mins, pour off WBC(DO NOT GET BUFFY LAYER) and FREEZE*
Seizure medication Dilantin (or Phenytoin) *Red*
Used to treat manic drpressive and bi-polar disorder Depakote (or Valproic Acid) *Red*
Infection of the lymph nodes and glands, characterized by sore throat and fever, antibotics will not help, symptomatic treatment only Epstein Barr Virus (or Mono)*SST*
Blood Test that will show inflammatory process through the body. ESR Sed Rate (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate)*Lavender*
Checks essential components of blood sodium, potassium, chloride, and carbon dioxide Electrolytes *SST*
Infection of white blood cells, similar to mono Erlichia *RED FREEZE*
Feminine hormone, increases in child bearing years, decreases after menopause. Estrogen *SST*
Protein that stores Iron, checked in cases of anemia and hemacromatosis. Ferritin *SST*
A protein that creates new cells very important for pregnant or nursing mothers, promotes brain development in infants. Folate (Folic Acid or B9)*SST*
Created by the gonad (chemical in the body similar to nerve endings) and the pituitary gland responsible for creating reproductive processes. Works directly with lutenizing hormone) FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)*SST*
Blood Sugar Glucose *SST*
Hormone produced in pregnancy that is made by the developing embryo and later placenta to prevent the body from getting rid of the pregnancy. HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin)*SST*
Iron containing oxygen rich blood cells, transports iron through the body. Hemoglobin *Lavender*
Normal hemoglobin for females 11.5-15.3
Normal hemoglobin for males 13.2-17.9
A virus that leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) the immune system starts to fail leading to overwhelming infection. HIV 1+2 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)*SST*
Used to monitor progression of HIV HIV 1 RNA *Red, poured off into 3 little purple pour off vials*
Intestional bacteria, causes abd pn and diarrhea. H-Pylori Blood *SST*
The amount of iron being absorbed by the cells and the precentage of iron in the system. Iron, Total, and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)% SAT (FE)*SST*
Used to determine if patient is in Menopause. LH (Luteinizing Hormone) *SST*
Performs essential roles in the digestion, transport and processing of dietary lipids (e.g. triglycerides, fats, oils) in most, if not all, living organisms. Genes encoding lipases are even present in certain viruses. Lipase *SST*
Includes: Total Cholesterol, Trigs, HDL, LDL. Lipid *SST*
Checks for damage to the liver from medications, alcohol abuse, etc. Liver (Or Hepatic Function Panel) *SST*
Autoimmune disease caused by ticks. Lyme *SST*
A viral illness characterized by fatigue and sore throat, caused by the Epstein Barr Virus. Mono (Mononucleosis)*SST*
Screens for prostate cancer also sometimes called a tumor marker PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen)*SST*
Pregnancy hormone, supports gestation. Progesterone *SST*
A hormone primilary associated with lactation, but can be elevated in menopause, signals the body to get rid of everything it dosent need. Prolactin *SST*
More in depth look at the thyroid. PTH (ParaThyroid Hormone)*Red*
Indicatior of deep vein thrombosis, or blood clot. Protein C *Blue, invert at least 15 times, spin 25min. Pour off plasma into plain red, spin again 20min, pour off plasma into pour off tube and FREEZE*
Break down of protein C and protein S into their individual components. Protein, Total& Electrophoresis *Red*
Amount of time it takes blood to clot Protime/INR (Prothrombin Time, International Ratio)*Blue*
The clotting time of factor 7 and 13 often drawn before surgery to determing the risk of severe bleeding after surgery PTT (Partial Thromboplastin Time)*Blue*
Increased in renal dysfunction, massive tissue destruction, and diabetic with low insulin. Decreased with NVD, too high insulin or too high BP. Extremely high can cause arrhythmia. Potassium K *SST*
Confirms or excludes atopy in patients with symptoms that might be attributed to allergy. Respiratory Allergy Profile *SST*
Measures the amount of sodium in the blood. used to diagnose and manage water and electrolyte disorders. Sodium *SST*
An antibody present in advance stages of arthritis. RF or RA Rheum (Rheumatoid Factor)*SST*
An antibody present only in cases of syphilis RPR (Rapid Plasma Reagin)*SST*
Third element of the thyroid producing hormones T3 (Thyroxine 3)*SST*
Hormone mostly found in males, controls hair growth and sex drive. Testosterone *Red* (Freeze Free and total)
Hormone that works with the thyrpid to stimulate hair and nail growth, overactive thyroid can cause fatigue. TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)*SST*
Element in the blood that becomes increased when there is gout. Uric Acid *SST*
Urinalysis with reflux to culture UA Reflx Cult *Yellow&Grey*
Vitamin essential for maintaining normal levels of calcium, phosphorus,and strong bones. Has also been known to provide protection from osteoporosis, hypertension, cancer, and several autoimmune diseases. Vitamin D *Red*
Tests for Gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia off urine GC/Chlamydia (Urine)*BD Probe Tec Urine Preservative Transport Kit, Invert 5 times, room tem if needed refrigerate*
Looks for bacteria in the blood. Blood Cult *Blood Cult Bottle x1 (x2, x3, x4). 1 blood cult = 1 purple and 1 grey top bottle. If Pediatric or difficult stick use one pink top. Must fill 10mls (min 5, ped 3) Label and keep it at room temp. DONT USE ALCH, USE BETADINE*
swab to check for infection and necrotic tissues. Wound Cult *Aerobe and Anaerobe swab, room temp*
Fecal sample to test for infection, blood, mucus etc. Stool Cult * Orange top culture media with red juice(culture and sensitivity) Room Temp* Lable media and rec, bag, give to pt with stool kit*
Tests urine for bacteria. Urine Cult *Grey Tube*
Checks for bacterial infections in the throat, most commonly strep. Throat Cult *Aerobe and Anaerobe sawb, around both tonsils and down middle of throat, room temp*
Checks what kind of fungas. Fungal/Other *If nails clipping, red top tube and room temp. Everything else, urine cup and room temp*
Bacterial or parasite infection in the stool. O+P (Ova and Parasites)*Para-Pak Zn-PVA Fixative(Grey media) and 10% buffered neutral formalin (pink media). Lable medias and bag. Give to pt with stool kit.
The tissue that releases sperm. Vasectomy Tissue (Vas Deferens)*Urine Cup or Formaldehyde media, lable and cover in parafilm. Room Temp*
Sperm sample 6-8 weeks following vasectomy to assure no sperm is being passed. Vasectomy Check *Pt takes home urine cup, brings back sperm sample, lable cover with parafilm, bag and room temp*
Viral infection, two different types. Type 1 = sexually transmitted, Type 2 = infection that causes sores other then sexually transmitted. Herpes Swab Green *Green VCM media(fridge-urethral, cervical, lesion, and nasal) swab sore, lable, room temp*
Checks for vaginitis, a bacterial infection of the vaginal canal, can be spread. Vag Probe *Affirm VPIII(fridge)break ampoule, squeeze liquid into bigger clear tube, ONLY use swab that comes in kit. Attach swab to cap, seal tightly, room temp*
Swab test for GC and Chlamydia, a highly transmittable bacterial infection. Gen Probe *ProbeTec ET swab (pink=girls, blue=boys) attach swab to cap, room temp*
Checks for cervical cancer, with HPV testing on positive paps. Thin Prep/Pap Smear/ Reflux HPV *Thinprep Pap Vile, room temp*
Abdominal Pain, unspecified site 789.00
Abnormal Clinical Finding 796.4
Absence of menstruation, amenorrhea 626.0
ADD w/out mention of hyperactivity 314.00
Anemia, unspecified 285.9
Atrial Fibrilliation 427.31
Chest Pain 786.59
Diabetes Mellitus w/out mention of complication, type II or unspecified. 250.00
Diarrhea 787.91
Dermatitis, contact due to unspecified cause. 692.9
Dysuria 788.1
Fever 780.60
Fatigue/ Malaise 780.79
Gout Unspecified 274.9
Hairloss (Syphilitic alopecia) 091.82
Hematuria (blood in urine) 599.70
Hypertension 401.1
Hyperlipidemia 272.4
Hypothyroidism 244.9
Impaired Fasting Glucose 790.21
Irregular Menstrual Cycle 626.4
Labs prior to physical v72.69
Long term use of anticoagulants v58.61
Long term use of other meds v58.69
Loss of weight 783.21
Menopause Symptomatic 627.2
Myalgia/ Mytosis 959.9
Nocturia 788.43
Nonspecific abnormal result of LFT 794.8
Other abnormal blood chemistry 790.6
Pain in joint, multiple sites 719.49
Pernicious Anemia 281.0
Pharyngitis or Sore Throat 462
Pre OP exam v72.83
Physical v70.0
Screening for STDs v65.45
Screening for venereal disease v74.5
Unspecified vaginitis or vulvovaginitis 616.10
Urinary tract infection 599.0
v25.2
v72.31
Created by: nju9552