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Drawing and Painting

Vocabulary for Drawing and Painting I

TermDefinition
Organic Shape A shape that is free-form or irregular; opposite of geometric shape.
Implied Texture The perceived surface quality in an artwork.
Scale The relative size of a figure or object when compared to others of its kind, its environment, or to humans.
Principles of Design Guidelines that artists follow when they combine the various elements of design; Unity, variety, balance, contrast, emphasis, pattern, proportion, movement, and rhythm.
Center of Interest The area of an artwork toward which the eye is directed; the visual focal point of the work.
Linear Perspective A system in which parallel lines recede toward a common vanishing point, creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface.
Elements of Design The building blocks of art; line, shape, form, space, color, value, and texture.
Asymmetrical Balance the organization of parts of a composition so that each side of a vertical axis contains similar, but not identical, shapes or forms.
Impressionism A style of painting that began in France around 1875; these works give a quick, true glimpse of the subject and often show the momentary effects of light on color.
Shape An element of design that is two-dimensional and encloses an area.
Communication A way of telling others about thoughts, opinions, reactions, and feelings; In art, a way of using visual images to send messages.
Form An element of design that appears three-dimensional and encloses volume.
Style This refers to the distinctive and consistent similarities in a group of artworks.
Vehicle The collective name for the binder and solvent.
Pigment A dry, powdered coloring agent used in the manufacture of paints.
Value An element of design that relates to the lightness and darkness of a color or tone.
Binder An adhesive used to hold particles of pigment together in paint, and to hold color to the ground.
Extender A substance added to pigment in order to increase its bulk or reduce its color intensity.
Solvent A liquid used to thin paint to a spreadable consistency.
Portfolio A collection of an artist's work.
Art Criticism Systematic discussion of the characteristics of an artwork; usually involving four stages: description, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation.
Medium The name for the materials (e.g. oils, watercolor, etc.) used to create an artwork; the category of art (e.g. drawing, painting, sculpture).
Framing The space and point of view for a picture, as determined by the horizontal and vertical borders.
Sighting This is used to determine an object's size in a drawing or to determine its size relative to another object; word for the act of measuring angles.
Attribution A written credit to the artist of work under study.
Gesture Drawing A quick drawing that captures movements of the body.
Analysis The examination of the relationships among the facts (e.g. objects, people, shapes, colors) in an artwork.
Description A listing of the facts in an artwork (e.g. objects, people, shapes, colors).
Evaluation The process used to determine the quality or lasting importance of a work.
Still Life An arrangement of non-moving objects that are the subject matter for a work of art.
Line An element of art used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume.
Stroke A heavy line that gives weight, structure, and strength to the drawing.
Tone In art, this is the lightness and darkness of a color.
Modeling Using shading to make objects look three-dimensional.
Negative Space The space around the objects.
Value An element of art concerned with the degree of lightness of colors.
Massing The technique of connecting the darks in a drawing into larger shapes.
Foreshortening A method of applying perspective to an object or figure so that it seems to recede in space by shortening the depth dimension, making the form appear three-dimensional.
Trompe L'Oeil An illusionary technique in which nature is copied so realistically that the subject can be mistaken for a natural form.
Built Environment The human-made landscape; this includes a huge array of objects such as buildings, monuments, and consumer goods.
Vanishing Point In linear perspective, the point on the horizon line at which all the receding parallel lines converge.
Environmental Art An artwork that is part of the environment surrounding it or provides an enclosed environment viewers can enter; or an arrangement that the viewers can walk through or around.
Pop Art An art style also known as neo-Dada, that developed in the 1950s. The artists of this depicted and satirized the objects of popular culture.
Linear Perspective A technique of creating the illusion of depth on a flat surface.
Horizon Line Where sky and earth meet.
One-point Perspective A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface using one vanishing point.
Two-point Perspective A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface using two vanishing points and two sets of converging lines to represent form.
Portrait A picture that features a person or group.
Sitter The model for a portrait.
Frontal Pose One of the three basic portrait poses; when the model looks straight at the viewer.
Profile Pose When the subject is looking to the side with only one eye and half of the mouth and nose visible.
Three-quarters Pose When the subject is looking away from the viewer, but both eyes are still visible.
Camera Obscura A small, darkened room with a tiny window on one side.
Hatching Shading using closely spaced, parallel lines to suggest light and shadow.
Cartoon In drawing and painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which the final work is made.
Canon The rule that a culture uses for the proportions and structure of a figure considered to be ideal.
Humanism Devotion to human concerns; the study of humanity.
Mannequin A model with movable joints that can be posed.
Figure The human form or any recognizable object or non-representational shape.
Gouache A form of water-soluble paint used to create opacity.
Created by: achrodes