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Socials 11 - Ch.2

WWI glossary terms

IMPERIALISM The policy of one nation acquiring, controlling, or dominating another country or region.
MILITARISM A nation's policy of enlisting, training, equipping, and maintaining armed forces ready for war.
TRIPLE ALLIANCE The alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy prior to the First World War.
TRIPLE ENTENTE The alliance of France, Britain, and Russia prior to the First World War.
NATIONALISM Devotion to and support of one's culture and nation, sometimes resulting in the promotion of independence or autonomy.
WAR MEASURES ACT An Act that gives the federal government emergency powers during times of crisis, including the right to detain people without laying charges.
ENEMY ALIENS A national living in a country that is at war with his/her homeland.
INTERNMENT CAMPS A government-run camp where people who are considered a threat are detained.
NO MAN'S LAND The area between the trenches of two opposing forces.
WESTERN FRONT The area of fighting in western Europe during the First World War, characterized by trench warfare and inconclusive battles with heavy casualties on both sides.
SECOND BATTLE OF YPRES April 22, 1915: French and Canadian troops blinded, killed, or burned when Germans used chlorine gas - outlawed by international treaty. (p. 37)
BATTLE OF THE SOMME July 1916: Allies launched a massive attack against a line of German trenches near the Somme River in France. Attack failed. Allies captured 13kms of land for 1.25 million casualties on both sides. (p.38)
BATTLE OF VIMY RIDGE April 9, 1917: Canadian troops attack Vimy Ridge in a carefully planned attack. (p. 38)
PASSCHENDAELE October 1917: General Arthur Currie and the CEF were asked to break through German lines at Passchendaele in Belgium. (p.39)
CONVOY A group of ships travelling together protected by armed warships.
VICTORY BONDS Bonds issued by the Canadian government to raise money for the war effort.
HONOUR RATIONING A civilian effort to consume less and conserve supplies on the home front.
PROPAGANDA Information, usually produced by governments, designed to inspire and spread particular ideas or opinions.
CONSCRIPTION Forced enlistment in the armed forces of all fit men of certain ages.
KHAKI ELECTION The name given to the 1917 federal election because of Borden's attempts to win the military vote.
Created by: sueteacher