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haney sprt med c3

When should ice be used? for the 1st 48 to 72 hours
What are the physiological changes that occur with ice? reduced swelling, blood flow, and pain.
How long should you apply cold packs? 10 to 15 minutes, longer periods of time depending on the thickness of the tissue
What is an ice massage? technique of rubbing ice over an injured area.
How long should an ice massage treatment last? 5-10 minutes
What motion should you use when giving a ice massage? circular, back and forth motion.
What is the body's job in the healing process? the body repairs itself
What are reactions to acute injuries? pain, swelling, redness, heat and loss of function
What is pain? increased pressure on nerve endings
What causes swelling? the accumulation of fluids in the damaged area
Redness is due to.. increased blood flow to the injured area
Why does the body provide more blood to injured areas? to attempt to provide nutrients to the injured area
What are the three phases of the healing process? inflammation, tissue repair, regeneration
How cold should the water be in cold whirlpool? 50-65 degrees
inflammation of a joint
What are the physiological changes that occur through the use of heat? increased blood flow. reduced stiffness. muscle relaxation
What is the normal blood pressure for a healthy adult? 120/80 (systolic/diastolic)
When evaluating nerve stimulation what do you always check to check for nerve damage? motor and sensory
What is the type of movement where the athlete provides movement? Active
What is the type of movement where the athletic trainer has to move the body part? Passive
What is the type of movement where the athletic trainer just assists the athlete with movement? Assistive
Why is a cold spray not as affective as ice? Because it only cools the surface and not the deep tissue
What is a disadvantage of using a hot whirlpool? The injured area is not elevated.
Name one of the three changes that occur through the use of heat on an injury. Increase blood flow to injured area Reduce muscle stiffness Muscular relaxation
What are pre-heated packs that apply moist heat to the intended area? Hot Packs
Warm, moist towels can be used as a substitute to what commercial product? Hot Packs
A popular method for warm water immersion is using the... Hot Whirlpool
Name an advantage the Hot Whirlpool provides over warm buckets of water. Massaging
What are vital signs? those measures that monitor life; heart rate, breathing, pulse
What is the average adult pulse? 60-80 beats per minute
What is the average child pulse? 80-100 beats per minute
What is the average adult respiration rate? 12-20 breaths per minute
What is the average child respiration rate? 20-25 breaths per minute
What is the first step in the healing process? inflammation
What does LOC stand for? Level of Consciousness
What are 3 things to review when evaluating an athletes LOC? Mental Awareness, Memory and ability to recall, response to commands
What does it usually mean when pupils are dilated? Injury to the central nervous system or the intake of a depressant drug
What does red skin indicate? heat stroke, diabetic coma, and/or high blood pressure
What does white (pale) skin indicate? insufficient circulation, shock, fright, hemorrhage, heat exhaustion, and or insulin shock
What are various electrical modalities that are used to decrease pain, swelling, and muscle spasm? Therapeutic Modalities
Therapeutic Modalities include.. Ultrasound, Electric stimulating currents, diathermy, LASER
What is the main goal for using therapeutic modalities? Decrease pain and swelling but increasing range of motion
What are the two most convenient sites for taking a persons pulse? carotid artery and the radial artery
What does a strong but slow pulse usually indicate? skull fracture or stroke
What does a rapid and strong pulse usually indicate? heat stroke and/or severe fright
What does a rapid but weak pulse usually indicate? shock, bleeding, diabetic coma, and/or heat exhaustion
What does blue skin indicate? circulated blood is poorly oxygenated
Where do you look for changes in skin for African Americans or people with to dark of skin to notice a change? inner lip, gum area, and fingernail beds
What is the normal temperature for a human orally? 98.6
What is the normal rectal temperature of a human? 99.6
What does hot, dry skin usually indicate? disease, infection, and or over exposure to environmental heat
what does cool, clammy skin indicate? trauma, shock and/or heat exhaustion
What does shallow breathing usually indicate? shock
What does frothy blood from the mouth typically indicate? Chest fracture
What does Astrophy? decreasing in size of a developed organ or tissue due to degeneration of cells
What does bursitis mean? inflammation if bursa sac
What does contracture mean? fibrosis of muscle tissue producing shrinkage and shortening of the muscle without generating any strength
What does contusion mean? a bruise; an injury usually caused by blow in which the skin is not broken.
What does dislocation mean? displacement of one or more bones or a joint, or of any organ from the original position.
What does mean epicondylitis mean? inflammation of the epicondyle and the tissues adjoining the epicondyle to the humerus.
What does mean fasciitis mean? inflammation of the facia
What is an acute injury? Quick, short lasting injury
What is the abbreviation for a training students response to an acute injury? P.R.I.C.E.S
How is measurement for respiration taken? by watching, feeling, and counting the rise and fall of the chest
inflammation of muscle tissue Myositis
What does Myositis Ossificans mean? inflammation of muscle, with formation of bone
What does sprain mean? a stretching or tearing of joint structures
a stretching or tearing of joint structures strain
What does subluxation mean? a partial or incomplete dislocation
What does synovitis mean? inflammation of the synovial membrane
Inflammation of the tendon Tendinitis
What does tenosynovitis mean? inflammation of tendon sheath
Created by: mhtgroup
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