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Cell Organelles.HTMS

Control center for cell Nucleus
Holds the DNA for the cell Nucleus
Provides energy for animal and plant cells Mitochondria
Photosynthesis occurs here Chloroplast
Digests old, worn out organelles Lysosomes
Synthesizes (Produces) proteins in cells Ribosomes
Carries proteins to be packaged in the Golgi body Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endoplasmic reticulum that has ribosomes located on it Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Endoplasmic reticulum that does not contain ribosomes Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Packages proteins into a useable form for the cell Golgi Apparatus (Body)
Synthesizes (Produces) ribosomes Nucleolus
Fluid-like substance that the organelles float in within the cell Cytoplasm
Structure that holds water and also gets rid of waste inside a PLANT cell Central Vacuole
Structure in both plant and animal cells that allows certain substances to pass through (Semi-permeable) Cell Membrane
When cell membrane allows certain substances to pass through but not others it is Semi-Permeable
Additional structure on outer edge of plant cells that gives plants extra support Cell Wall
Provides support, shape and strength for cell Cytoskeleton
What's the smallest basic unit of life? Cells
Where is most of the the DNA stored in an eukaryotic cell? In the nucleus
Which cell organelle contains chlorophyll? Chloroplasts -only in plant cell
What protects and surrounds the nucleus? The nuclear membrane
What is the outer layer of protection in a plant cell? cell wall
What does semi - permeable mean? Some things are allowed in/out while other things aren't.
Four examples of eukaryotic cells are Plant, Animal, Protists and Fungus
Two organelles that plant cells have that animal cells don't Cell Wall and Chloroplast
An organelle in the animal cell that's not in the plant cell except in rare cases Lysosome
An example of a prokaryotic cell would be Bacteria
Which structures pinch off the ends of Golgi apparatus and delivers proteins for the cell Vesicles
A protective covering that covers EVERY cell is the Cell Membrane
"Organelle that synthesizes (produces) proteins Ribosomes
A protein carries out your body's ______. functions . Helps you to grow, develop and produce materials needed by your body.
What is the process that turns the nutrients (food) we eat into energy our body can use to move, grow, develop? Cellular respiration
Where does cellular respiration take place? In the mitochondria
What molecule is produced by cells that allows our bodies to function properly? Proteins
Eukaryotic cells (like plants and animals) are made of these tiny components Organelles
How many cells do prokaryotic cells have? One - they're unicellular
How many cells do most eukaryotic cells have? Many- they're multicellular
What is protein synthesis? This is how our cells make proteins
Which molecule stores the genetic information for how an organism will look. DNA
Which organelle would be found MORE in MUSCLE cells than in other cells? Mitochondria because muscle cells need more ENERGY
Cells that actively produce proteins will contain large numbers of? Ribosomes
What would be the result if a plant cell has chloroplast but lacked mitochondria? What would it still be able to make? NOT make? able to make glucose but unable to convert the glucose into usable energy (ATP)
Which molecule allows the cell to function and do all the jobs it needs to do? Proteins
How our cells produce proteins is known as :Protein Synthesis
Which of the following allows the cell to maintain homeostasis? Photosynthesis, cellular respiration and protein synthesis
How does cellular respiration allow the cell to maintain homeostasis? Producing ATP to maintain energy levels for the cell
Created by: connie.hambey