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Vocabulary relating to Plants

Plant Multicellular, eukaryotic organisms that makes their own sugar from sunlight through photosynthesis,
Leaf The part of a plant that absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis. Often covered in a waxy layer to reduce evaporation.
Stem The part of a plant that supports the plant as it grows. It moves water and sugar throughout the plant.
Roots The part of the plant that absorbs water from the soil. Also anchors the plant into the ground, and holds the soil in place to reduce erosion.
Erosion The removal of soil by wind, rain, running water, or other sources.
Seed The protective shell of a plant embryo. Seeds are formed when a flower is pollinated.
Fruit The tissue that surrounds the seed. Fruits usually help the seed move (seed dispersal) in some way.
Flower The reproductive structures of plants.
Petal Brightly colored parts of a flower that attract pollinators like bees and birds
Sepal Leaves that surround and protect a growing flower bud
Stamen The part of the flower that produces pollen (the male gamete in plants)
Pistil The part of the flower that produces eggs (the female gamete in plants)
Ovary Part of the pistil, After the egg becomes pollinated, the ovary becomes a fruit.
Seed dispersal The way plants get their seeds to spread far away from where the parent plant is growing.
Seed dispersal- wind As the wind blows, it carries the seeds to new locations
Seed dispersal- water Seeds float in moving water to reach new locations
Seed dispersal- animals Seeds that rely on animals to move them to a new place.
Seed dispersal- expulsion Pressure builds up inside of plants until they explode, which launches seeds to new places.
Germination The process of a plant embryo breaking out of the seed. Creates a root that grows downwards and a stem and leaf that grow upwards.
Sprout/sapling A baby plant that has successfully germinated and started to grow.
Mature plant As time passes, the plant continues to grow and develop. It is considered mature when it begins to produce flowers.
Pollination The process of plant pollen being combined with ovules. This is how plants reproduce.
Seed creation Following successful pollination, a seed is created with the plant embryo inside.
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