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Bio 5A

Cell Cycle

TermDefinition
Cell Cycle events in the life of a cell that results in growth, duplication of DNA in order to produce new cells
G1 phase of cell growth prior to cell division
S phase for DNA synthesis
G2 cell goes through growth phase; DNA copy is checked for mistakes more cytoplasm and organelles are made
G0 carries out normal functions but does not divide; these cells remove themselves from the cell cycle
Interphase includes G phases and S phase
Mitosis phase where cell divides its identical copied DNA to make 2 identical diploid cells; includes prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase
Prophase replicated chromosomes condense; nuclear envelope breaks down; mitotic spindles begin to form
Metaphase microtubules attach to chromosomes aligning them on equator
Anaphase sister chromatids are pulled apart by spindle microtubules; 2 sets of daughter chromosomes created
Telophase daughter chromosomes reach spindle poles; nuclear envelope reforms around the two nuclei
Cytokinesis two new daughter cells formed; occurs after mitosis
Diploid cell with 2 sets of chromosomes (1 set from each parent); not found in gametes; end product of mitosis
Somatic Cells all cells except sex cells (also known as gamete like sperm and egg); diploid cells; result of mitosis
Created by: tneal1
 

 



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