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QuestionAnswer
What are the primary functions of an athletic trainer? To recognize that an injury has occured, determine the severity of the injury, and apply proper evualation/treatment procedures and protocols.
What types of injuries should you refer to a physician to? -Loss of respiratory function -severe bleeding -suspicion of internal bleeding -unconsciousness -paralysis -circulation or neurological imparement -shock -obvious deformity -suspected fracture or dislocation
How should you evaluate a scene? -Airway -Breathing -Circulation
How should you asses a athlete with a non life threatening condition? -history or the patient -Physical Examination
What are the two fromats of evaluation for an athletic trainer? -History, Observation, Palpation and Special tests. -Subjective, objective, assessment and plan.
When should a person avoid using ice? With any known or past circulations problems.
What should you inspect the extremities for when you are going to splint? open wounds, deformity, swelling, and ecchymosis
What should always be expected when there is an injury? A fracture should always be suspected.
Whats types of questions should you ask upon an injury? 1. Mechanism of injury 2. Location of pain 3. Sensations expieranced 4. Previous injury
When comparing the involved and the uninvolved anatomical structure, what should you look for in comparison? bleeding, deformity, swelling, dislocation, scars, other signs of trauma.
How would you perform a subjective assessment? Start with asking previous injury, how it happened, when it happened, what did you feel, types of pain, where does it hurt, or if there were any sounds or njoises when it happened.
What is the immediate reaction to the body after an injury occurs? Inflammation
What is inflammation? One component of the healing process where the body begins to repair itself.
What is healing? The process where the body repairs damaged tissue.
What are the three phases of the healing process? Inflammation, tissue repair, regeneration.
What are vital signs? the measures that moniter life, including; heart rate, breathing and pulse.
What is the normal temperature? 98.6 degrees
What do the skin colors indicate? red- heat stroke, diabetic coma or high blood pressure. white- insufficient circulation, fright hemmorrhage, heat exhaustion, orinsulin shock. blue- poor oxygenation.
What should an adults pulse be? 60/80 beats/minute.
What is cryotherapy? cold therapy
How would you treat an acute injury? protection, rest, ice, compression,
What does elevation do for an injury? This will keep excessive blood associated with swelling out of the injured area.
What does heat do for an injury? Increases blood flow to the injured area, reduces muscle stiffness, and relaxes the muscles.
What does ince do for an injury? reduces swelling and imflammation, reduces blood flow to the injured site, reduces pain at the injured site.
How often, at a time, should you apply cold packs for? At least 10/15 minutes each.
What are the therapeutic Modalities? -ultrasound -electrical stimulation currents -shortwave and microwave -diathermy -ultraviolet therapy -laser
Created by: mhtgroup