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Urine and Blood

Physology 2010

pH acidic pH below 7
pH basic pH above 7
pH neutral ~pH 7
Chloride shift hemoglobin binds with H+ and Cl- moves into the cell to replace lost negative charges
Carbonic Anhydrase enzyme that puts carbon dioxide and oxgyen together to form carbonic acid
Glucouria glucose is present in urine, uncontrolled diabetes
Albuminuria albumin is present in urine, high protein intake, pregnancy and exertion
Bilirubinuria bilirubin is present in urine, heptatis or cirrhosis
Ketonuria ketones are present in urine, abnormal metabolis such as low carb diets
Casts hardened cell fragments such as RBCs are present in urine, glomerulonephritis
Hemauria RBCs are present in urine, trauma to urinary organs
Hemoglobinuria hemoglobin is present in urine, hemolytic anemias
Pyuria WBCs are present in urine, urinary tract infection
urochrome a pigment metabolite that gives urine its yellowish color
Abnormal constituents of urine glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, and leukocytes
Normal constituents of urine water, urea, uric acid, soduim, phosphate, potassium, and creatinine
Carbonic Acid weak acid formed from water and carbon dioxide or from H+ and bicarbonate
Bicarbonate weak base
Created by: tmg1116