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Blood chapter 11

QuestionAnswer
anemia deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemaglobin
anitbodies substance produced by the body that destroys or innactivates a specific substance (antigen) that has entered the body
antigens substance that, when introduced into the body, causes formation of antibodies against it
basophil white blood cells that stain readily with black dyes
buffy coat the layer of white blood cells and platelets
carbaminohemoglobin the compound formed by the union of carbon dioxide with hemoglobin
embolism obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried into the blood stream
embolus a blood clot or other substance (bubble of air) that is moving in the blood and may block a blood vessel
eosinophil white blood cell that is readily stained by eosin
erythroblastosis fetalis a disease that may develop when an Rh-negative mother has anit-Rh antibodies and gives birth to and Rh-positive baby and the antibodies react with the Rh-positive cells of the baby
erythrocyte red blood cell
fibrin insoluble protein in clotted blood
fibrinogen soluble blood protein that is converted to insoluble fibrin during clotting
hematocrit volume percent of blood cells in whole blood
hemoglobin iron-containing protein in red blood cells
heparin substance obtained from the liver; inhibits blood clotting
leukemia blood cancer characterized by an increase in white blood cells
leukocyte white blood cells
leukocytosis abnormally high white blood cell numbers in the blood
leukopenia abnormally low white blood cell numbers in the blood
lymphocyte one type of white blood cell
monocyte a phagocyte
neutrophil white blood cell that stains readily with neutral dyes
oxyhemoglobin hemoglobin combined with oxygen
pernicious anemia defiency of red blood cells because of a lack of vitamin B12
phagocyte white blood cells that engulf microbes and digest them
plasma the liquid part of the blood
plasma protein any of several proteins normally found in the plasama; includes albumins,globulins,and fibrinogen
polycythemia an excessive number of red blood cells
prothrombin a protein present in normal blood that isnt required for blood clotting
prothrombin activator a protein formed by clotting factors from damaged tissue cells and platelets; it converts prothrombin into thrombin
serum bloof plasma minus its clotting factors, still contains antibodies
thrombin protein important in blood clotting
thrombocyte also called platelets; play a role in blood clotting
thrombosis a formation of a clot in a blood vessel
thrombus stationary blood clot
Created by: tatum18
 

 



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