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Endocrine System 10


corticoids hormones secreted by the three cell layers of the adrenal cortex
cretinism dwarfism caused by hyposecretion of the thyroid gland
cushings syndrome condition caused by the hyposecretion of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex
diabetes insipidus condition resulting from hyposecretion of ADH in which large volumes of urine are formed and, if left untreated may cause serious health problems
diabetes mellitus a condition resulting when the pancreatic islets secrete to little insulin, resulting in increase levels of blood glucose
diuresis a substance that promotes or stimulates the production of urine; diuretic drugs are among the most commonly used drugs in America
endocrine secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct; opposite of exocrine
exocrine secreting into a duct; opposite of endocrine
gigantism a condition produced by hyposecretion of growth hormone during the early years of life;results in a child who grows to a gigantic size
glucocorticoids hormones that influence food metabolism; secreted by the adrenal cortex
gluconeogenesis formulation of glucose or glycogen from protein or fat compounds
glycogenolysis hydrolisis of glycogen to glucose-6-phosphate or to glucose
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
hormone substance secreted by an endocrine gland
hypercalcemia a condition in which there is harmful excess of calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia higher than normal blood glucose concentration
hypoglycemia lower-than-normal blood glucose concentration
luteinization the formation of the golden body(corpus luteum) in the ruptured follicle
mineralocorticoids hormone that influences mineral salt metabolism; secreted by adrenal cortex; aldosterone is the chief mineralcorticoid
myxedema condition caused by deficiency of thyroid hormone in adults
negative feedback mechanisms that reverse the direction of a change in a physcological system
prostaglandins a group of naturally occurring fatty acids that affect many body functions
second messenger chemical that provides communication with a hormone's target cell; for example,cyclic AMP
steroids lipid-soluble hormones that pass intact through the cell membrane of the target cell and influence cell activity by acting on specific genes
stress extreme stimuli act on the body and produce high blood concentration of glucocorticoids
target organ cell organ or cell acted on by a particular horomone and responding to it
Created by: tatum18