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Fr 4 Social issues

Frennch 4 : Racial tensions and other social issues in today's France

QuestionAnswer
agresser to mug
appartenir à to belong to
l'immigration (f) immigration
un pays d'asile a host country
un immigré de, un ressortissant de an immigrant
le chômage unemployment
la Sécu (rité Sociale) Social Security
le désœuvrement idleness
la délinquance juvénile juvenile delinquency
Le Front National Extreme Right Parti in France founded by Jean-Marie Le Pen and now headed by his daughter Marine Le Pen
la montée de la philosophie extrême droite en Europe et en France the rise of far right philosophy in Europe and France
la discrimination raciale racial discrimination
un acte de vandalisme an act of vandalism
la pauvreté poverty
incendier, mettre le feu à, brûler to burn, to set on fire
retourner des voitures to turn (flip) cars over
la banlieue suburbs
les HLM ( Habitations à Loyer Modéré) Projects ( Government Founded Housing)
les avantages sociaux social benefits
le paradis social social paradise
la police montée mounted police ( on horse back)
un appel au secours= un appel à l'aide a call for help
le logement housing
l'emploi (masc.) employment
l'instruction(fem.) education
une jeunesse désabusée disanchanted, desillusioned youth
être pris entre deux cultures to be(caught/stuck) between two cultures
être la cible du racisme to be the target of racism
une émeute riot
les (jeunes) ados teens
arrêter des autobus to stop buses
cambrioler/ saccager /voler des commerces to rob /loot stores
briser les vitres des étalages commerciaux to break store front windows
provoquer les forces de l'ordre to provoque the Police Force
attiser to stir up
avoir peur de= craindre to be afraid of, to fear
coexister to coexist
confronter to face
désamorcer to defuse
discriminer contre to discriminate against
une politique d'exclusion a NO-safe haven policy
une politique d'inclusion a safe heaven policy
intégrer; s’intégrer to integrate; to integrate oneself
isoler, s'isoler to isolate, to isolate oneself
marginaliser to marginalize , to ostracize
persécuter; la persécution to persecute, persecution
se radicaliser to become radicalized, politically fundamentalist
rejeter to reject
le manque de respect lack of respect
un affrontement a clash
une bande, un gang a gang
le délit de faciès facial discrimination
la cité subsidized housing
l’incompréhension ( fem.) the lack of understanding
l’ inégalité (fem.) inequality
un étranger, une étrangère foreigner/ stranger ( depending on the context)
le gitan gipsy
la haine hatred
l’insécurité (fem) insecurity
la sécurité safety
le manque de sécurité the lack of safety
la menace threat
la poussée the outbreak
bien élevé, poli, courtois>< mal élevé, grossier, impoli well manered>< ill mannered/rude
déraciné (e) uprooted
désemparé(e ) helpless
xénophobe xenophobic, who does not like foreigners
intransigeant uncompromising
précaire insecure, precarious
digne de confiance trustworthy
méfiant(e) suspicious
le fanatisme religieux religious extremism
la main d’œuvre man power
la diversité, le pluralisme culturel cultural diversity
les Droits de l'Homme Human Rights
le berceau the cradle, (fig:) the birthplace
la laïcité secularism, separation of Church and State
le désespoir despair
être partagé sur une question/un point to be divided on an issue
le malaise social social discomfort, social unrest
la bavure policière, la bavure politique a police or political blunder, error
à leur ( mon, ton, son etc.) égard towards them ( me, you her/him etc.)
la méconnaissance de the unfamiliarity with , the lack of knowledge of
à la recherche d'un emploi job hunting
la scolarité supérieure higher (college) education
le français de souche Les personnes de nationalité française, autochtones n'ayant pas d'ascendance étrangère immédiate et n'étant pas issues de l'immigration récente. Elle est souvent opposée à l'expression les Français de papier.
craindre to fear