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ClinChem T3 Vocab

J Sarge ClinChem Test 3 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
ARDS Respiratory distress syndrome of the adult; acquired respiratory failure
Basal metabolic rate Baseline rate of metabolism based on gender and weight (in kcal/24hr
Celiac sprue (glutin intolerance) Malabsorption syndrome resulting from intolerance to dietary wheat proteins
Crohn's disease Inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract that can lead to intestinal obstruction
Cyanotic Characterized by bluish appearance due to lack of tissue oxygenation
Duodenum The first part of the small intestine that is adjacent to the pyloric region of the stomach
Diurnal variations Changes in chemical levels during the day, especially when comparing two different times
Edematous Puffed up due to visible accumulation of fluids
emphysema Chronic pulmonary disease marked by abnormal increase in the airspaces and destructive changes in their walls
Exocrine glands Glands that secrete externally through ducts
Fio2 Amount of oxygen available to breath
Gastritis Inflammation of the gastric mucosa
Glucocorticoids Adrenal cortical hormones primarily active in protecting against stress and affecting protein and carbohydrate metabolism
Homeostasis The state of dynamic equilibrium of the internal environment of the body that is maintained by processes of feedback and regulation in response to external or internal changes
Hyperkalemia Increased potassium in blood plasma
Hyponatremia Decreased sodium in blood plasma
Hypophysis Pituitary or master endocrine gland
Hypoxia Decreased oxygen supply to tissue despite adequate perfusion of the tissue
Idiopathic Without a recognizable cause
Intrinsic factor Glycoprotein that is secreted by the parietal cells of the gastric mucosa; necessary for the absorption of dietary vitamin B12 through the intestinal mucosa
Iontophorisis Introduction of a drug through intact skin by the application of a direct electric current
Lumen Space within a tube, such as a blood vessel or the esophagus
Micronutrient Organic compound, such as a vitamin, or chemical element essential in minute amounts in the diet
Mineralocorticoids Steroid molecules that influence blood electrolyte levels
Negative feedback Stabilizing a process by reducing its rate or output when its effects are too great
Oxyhemaglobin (o2Hb) The combined form of hemoglobin with oxygen; a measure of the ultilization of the potential oxygen transport capacity
p50 The midway point of the hemoglobin-oxygen dissociation curve, representing the oxygen tension (in mm Hg) when the hemoglobin molecules are 50% saturated with oxygen
Pernicious anemia Autoimmune disease in which antibodies affect intrinsic factor and cause vitamin B12 deficiency
Phosphatidyl choline Phospholipid lung surfactant; also known as lecithin
Pilocarpine A muscarinic alkaloid drug that can induce sweating
Point-of-care testing (POCT) Testing that does not require specimen preparation ond provides rapid results at or near the patient's location
Secretin Hormone secreted by duodenal mucosa; stimulates sodium bicarbonate secretion by the pancreas and bile secretion by the liver
SO2 Oxygen saturation; a measure of the utilization of the current oxygen transport capacity
Steatorrhea Failure to digest or absorb fats in the gastrointestinal tract
Steroids High molecular weight compounds with carbon atoms in a four-ring structure similar to cholesterol
Sweat test Test for cystic fiborsis that involves involves measuring the subject's sweat for abnormally high sodium chlorine content
Thyrotoxicosis Acute illness due to hyperthyroidism
Thyroxine (T4) Main hormone synthesized in the thyroid gland, also known as 3,5,3`,5` -tetraiodothy-ronine
Transcutaneous Through the skin, not invading invading the body through a puncture; percutaneous
Triiodothyronine (T3) More potent thyroid hormone, also known as 3,5,3` -triiodothyronine
Tropoins Stimulating protein hormones
Created by: 1414395397