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Speech Development 3

Mid-term Study Guide

Performative aspect of an utterance? an utterance becomes an action as it infers performance of some sort "saying is doing" (example: (I claim) It's hot outside)
Perlocutionary act the effect on the listener
Locutionary act the act of speaking the words
Propositional act the truth value of the words
Illocutionary act the speaker’s intent
Bates' Perlocutionary stage (0-8 months) non-verbal communication from child; intention is inferred by the adult
Bates' Illocutionary stage (8-12 months) child attempts to communicate w/o words
Bates' Locutionary stage words are used
Four points on early speech acts 1. Social funtions- mutual attention/participation. 2. Development is supported by familiar contexts (e.g., routines). 3. Ability to produce speech acts grows rapidly between 8 and 24 months. 4. By 24 months the basics have been mastered
The continuity hypothesis? children’s first words express the same functions that were expressed nonverbally
The same act can be formed in a variety of ways. I need a pen. Can I borrow your pen? Do you have a pen?
One utterance can convey many different acts. That's just great.
Speech act theory: The same act can be formed in a variety of ways and one utterance can convey many different acts.
Types of speech acts: requesting action, protesting, requesting answer, labeling, answering, repeating, practicing and calling
What are the two ways to communicate within the illocutionary stage? protodeclarative and protoimperative
Protodeclarative: nonverbal communication stating fact
Protoimperative: nonverbal communication stating request
Created by: deezer