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Synovial Joints

Types of Movements that occur @ Synovial Joints

QuestionAnswer
Flexion A movement that decreases the angle of the joint and reduces the distance between the two bones (Bending).
Extension Movement that increases the angle of the joint and the distance between the bones (straightening).
Hyperextension Extension greater than 180 degrees.
Rotation Movement of a bone around its longitudinal axis. (turning head from side to side)
Abduction Movement of limb AWAY from midline of the body.
Adduction Movement of a limb toward the midline of the body ("adding")
Circumduction Combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction - proximal end of limb remains stationary as the distal end moves in a circle.
Pronation Movement of the palm of the hand from the anterior position to the posterior position.
Eversion Refers to foot: (Big toe to floor) - lateral turning of the sole of the foot.
Inversion Refers to foot: (Pinky toe to floor) - medial turning of the sole of the foot.
Dorsiflexion Refers to the foot: movement of the ankle in a dorsal direction (lifting toes up; heel is down)
Plantar flexion Refers to the foot: Movement of the ankle in which the foot is flexed down (pointing toes like a ballerina).
Created by: taranorwood