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design Q's.

elements and principles of design.

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color.
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, making them brighter and lighter; and rough surfaces absorb more light than smooth surfaces, making them darker and less intense.
What do curved lines suggest? they add a soft, graceful effect to the design.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? horizontal balance is when the left and right parts are equal, vertical balance is when the top and bottom parts are equal, and radial balance is when the elements radiate out of the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? they suggest action, movement, and excitement.
What is space? a 2-D flat or silhoutte image.
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, continuous line, and repetition.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? When parts of the design are not identical but equal in visual weight. Example: a dinner table with equal amount of plates on it, but different foods on the plates.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? horizontal lines lead the eye left to right, and vertical lines lead the eye up and down.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is 2-D, and form is 3-D.
What are the five types of balance? Formal, informal, vertical, horizontal, and radial.
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? How the surface feels to the touch, and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved.
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical balance.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical. Example: plants, insects, or humans.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object or item stands out. Another name for it is a focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? The eye follows it.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balace.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal balance.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Radiation is when a design moves out from the center point, and gradation is when designs increase or decrease in size or when one element of design changes.
Created by: katie lippman