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APD - Chapter 16

Anatomy, Physiology, and Disease: Chapter 16

QuestionAnswer
Nocturia nighttime urination
Enuresis bed wetting
Oliguria decreased urination
Pyruria pus in urine
Nephropathy kidney disease affecting nephrons
Uremia build up of organic waste in blood
Renal failure kidney disease, deceased kidney function
Kidney Dialysis replacing kidney function by artificially filtering blood
Creatinine waste product of muscle metabolism
Nephritis inflammation of nephrons
The renal capsule covers the: a. Kidney
Which of the following will not pass through the glomerular epithelium into the nephron? d. RBC, WBC, & Protein molecules
Compared to the concentration in urine, in glomerular filtrate, glucose is: b. at a higher concentration
The Urinary Bladder walls are composed of what type of muscle? a. Smooth
One of the symptoms of kidney stones: b. Blood in Urine
Compared to the concentration in urine, in plasma, urea is: c. at a lower concentration
Besides water, which of the following substances is usually found in urine at the bladder level? b. Ammonia
Where are the kidneys located? a. Upper Abdomen
Which is the urinary organs transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder? c. Ureters
Compared to glomerular filtrate, in urine, urea and creatinine are: b. at a higher concentration
Compared to urine, in plasma, sodium is: b. at a higher concentration
In which layer of the kidney is blood filtered? c. Cortex
Which of the following structures is located in the renal medulla? b. Pyramids
Normally, how can we consciously control the expulsion of urine from the body? c. Conscious control over the urethral sphincters
Which of the following is the correct order in which blood arrives at the glomerulus? d. Renal artery, segmental, lobar, interlobar, arcuate, interlobular, afferent arteriole
Blood leaves the kidney's hilum via the: d. Renal vein
As blood travels through the vessels that surround the nephrons, it exits the kidneys through a series of vessels that are in direct reverse of the arteries with one exception: b. There is no segmental veins.
Compared to glomerular filtrate, in plasma, sodium and potassium are: a. at the same concentration
What happens at the Bowman's capsule? c. Filtration
Which of the following usually makes up a sizable portion of glomerular filtrate? c. water and glucose
Which of the following is secreted at the nephron? d. Ammonia and hydrogen ions
Glomerular filtrate flows from the renal corpuscle in the: b. Proximal convoluted tubules
Which of the following is either completely or partially reabsorbed, respectively, at the nephron? c. Glucose and water
Glomerular filtrate flows from the distal convoluted tubules into the: a. collecting ducts
When systemic blood pressure has increased, what protective measures do the kidneys take? b. vasocontrict
________________uses an endoscope and a small incision to remove large kidney stones. b. percutaneous nephrolithotomy
The most common cause of nephropathy is: a. Diabetes mellitus
Why does blood loss damage the kidneys? b. Decreased Blood flow causes tissue damage.
Uremia is caused by: d. Accumulation of organic waste in blood
Decreased urine output, uremia, and fluid retention are all symptoms of: c. renal failure
Which of the following may be a cause of overactive bladder? a. overactivity of stretch receptors
Fever, abdominal pain, fatigue, bruising, and increased urination indicate this disorder: b. Hemolytic uremia syndrome
__________________ is the most common genetic cause of kidney disease. d. none of the above
Which of the following is a symptom of diabetes mellitus? a. Polyuria
Which urinary disorder can be confused with symptoms of endometriosis? b. interstitial cystitis
Created by: crazedsmyle