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B. Ghicondey - E & P

Elements and Principles of Design Terms

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape/Form, Texture and Color.
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis and Unity.
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied our repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough and appear brighter and lighter. Rough surfaces absorb more light and appear darker and less intense.
What do curved lines suggest? Gracefulness, femininity.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Vertical - top & bottom parts are equal. Horizontal - left & right parts are equal. Radial - elements radiate out from design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement, excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose - can be either 2-D or 3-D.
What are the 4 types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, Continuous Line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Parts of the design are not identical, but are equal in visual weight. Ex: a vase on the left & a picture frame on the right.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines make the room appear wider/longer. Vertical lines make the room appear taller.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio of visual proportion.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is 2-dimensional. Form is 3-dimensional.
What are the 5 types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Horizontal, Vertical & Radial.
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design are working together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? How surface feels to the touch (tactile) and how surface appears to feel (visual).
What are the 4 types of line? Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, and Curved.
What is proportion? Each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole.
Which of the 5 types of balance suggest excitement or interest? Asymmetrical
What is symmetrical balance? Both parts of the design are identical. Ex: fireplace mantles, humans, insects.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item stands out; also called a focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? The eye follows the line around the room.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal balance.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? In gradation, one element increases or decreases in size. In radiation, lines or designs move out from one center point.
Created by: bghicondey