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P&E Design-T.Klemm

Principles and Elements of Design Terms

What are the elements of design? Space,Line,Shape,Form,Texture and Color.
What are the principles of design? Balance,Rhythm,Proportion/Scale,Emphasis and Unity.
What is the principle of repetition? When the design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces making them brighter and lighter. Also, rough surfaces adsorb more light making them look darker and less intense.
What do curved lines suggest? Adds a soft , graceful effect to the design and too many will make design busy.
What is the difference between horizontal,vertical, and radial balance? Vertical is when the top and bottom parts are equal. Horizontal is when the left and right parts are equal. Radial is when the elements radiate out from design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action,movement, and excitment.
What is space? The area proveded for a particular purpose.
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation,radiation,repetition and continious line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical, but are equal in visual weight. Example: one big item on one side of the mantel looks equal when you put a lot of little items on the other side.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical leads your eye up and horizontal leads the eye from left to right.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is 2-Demension and Form is 3-Demension.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Vertical, Horizontal and Radial.
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are two things texture involves? How surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal, and Curved.
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical. Example: plants, insects,humans.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item that stands out. Another name is Focal Point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? Creates line for the eye to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation increases / decreases in size and one element of design changes. Radiation is when lines/designs move out from the center point.
Created by: monkeygirl246k