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E's P's- J. Peterken


What are the elements of design? The elements of design are space, line, shape, form, texture, and color
What are the principles of design? The principles of design are balance, rhythm, proportion/scale, emphasis, and unity
What is the principle repetition? When a design is repeated or copied
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light and rough surfaces absorb more light
What do curved lines suggest? they add a soft, graceful effect to a design
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Vertical balance is when the top and bottom parts are equal. Horizontal balance is when the left and right parts are equal. Radial balance is when an element radiates out from a centerpoint
What do diagonal lines suggest? They suggest action, movement, and excitement
What is space? An area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Asymmetrical balance is parts of a design that are not identical but are equal in visual weight
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines lead the eye from left to right, and vertical lines lead the eye upwards
What is the golden mean? The golden mean is a 3-5 ratio as to how the design is visually divided
What is the difference between shape and form? A shape is 2-d and a form is 3-d
What are the five types of balance? Asymmetrical balance, vertical balance, horizontal balance, radial balance, and symmetrical balance
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design that work together
What are the two things texture involves? Texture involves how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of line? Diagonal, horizontal, vertical, and curved lines
What is proportion? Proportion means that each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical balance
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Symmetrical balance is when both parts are identical. For example plants or insects.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item that stands out. Another name for it is a focal point
What happens when you use a continous line? The design creates a continuous line for the eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Unformal balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradiation is when the design increases or decreases in size and radiation is when a design moves outward from a center point