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speech disorder refers to difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality
Language Disorder Entails difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information.
Receptive language disorder Characterized by difficulty receiving or understanding information
Expressive language disorder Difficulty formulating ideas and information
Cleft palate or lip A condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or upper lip.
Dialect Language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural factors
Speech The oral expression of language
Language Structured, shared, rule governed, symbolic system for communicating.
Phonology Use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Morphology System that governs the structure of words
Syntax Provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics Refers to the meaning of what is expressed
Pragmatics Refers to the use of communication in contexts.
Social Interaction Theories Emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions.
Articulation Is a speakers production of individual or sequenced sounds
Substitutions It is common for young children to make sound substitutions that disappear with maturation
Omissions Occur when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word
Additions Occur when students place a vowel between two consonants
Distortions Modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word
Apraxia Motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch of Voice Is affected by the tension and size of vocal folds, the healthy of the larynx, and the location of the larynx.
Duration The length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity Based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds
Resonance the perceived quality of someones voice
Hypernasality In which air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than (M, N, NG)
Hyponasality Because air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead
Fluency Fluent speech is smooth, flows well, and appears to be effortless.
Specific language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
Phonology Students with phonological disorders may be unable to discriminate differences in speech sounds or sound segments that signify differences in words.
Morphology Children experience difficulties using the structure of words to get or give information
Syntax Syntactical errors are those involving word order
Semantics Children who experience difficulty using words singly or together in sentences
Pragmatics Social use of language
Organic disorders Those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional Disorders Those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital Disorder A disorder that occurs at or before birth
Acquired disorder A disorder that occurs well after birth
Articulation Assessment Specifically, articulation assessments evaluate a students ability to produce speech sounds in single words, sentences, and conversation
Oral motor exam Examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, and jaw
Voice Assessment Include information about the onset and course of the voice problem, environmental factors that might affect vocal quality and typical voice use
Fluency Assessment The speech language pathologist measures the amount of dysfluency as well as the type and duration of dysfluencies while the student is speaking
Bilingual Uses two languages equally well
Bidialectal Uses two variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) Focuses on augmented input of language
Created by: giuls24
Popular Speech Therapy sets




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