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SPED Ch 6 Vocab

speech disorder refers to difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality of fluency of speech (154)
language disorder entails difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information (154)
receptive language disorder characterized by difficulty receiving or understanding information (154)
expressive language disorder characterized by difficulty formulation ideas and information (155)
cleft palate/lip a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or upper lip (155)
dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors (155)
speech oral expression of language (156)
language structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating (157)
phonology use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words (157)
phonemes individual speech sounds (157)
morphology the system that governs the structure of words (157)
morpheme smallest meaningful unit of speech (157)
syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences (157)
semantics meaning of what is expressed (157)
pragmatics use of communication in contexts (157)
social interaction theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions (158)
articulation speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds (159)
substitutions when a child substitutes one phoneme for another (159)
omissions when a child leaves a phoneme out of and word (159)
additions when students place a vowel between two consonants (159)
distortions modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word (159)
apraxia motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
pitch affected by the tensions and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx (160)
duration length of time any speech sound requires (160)
intensity based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds (160)
resonance perceived quality of someone's voice, determined by the way the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose (160)
hypernasality when air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavities on sounds other than /n/, /m/, /ng/ (160)
hyponasality occurs because air cannot come out of the mouth so it comes out of the mouth instead (160)
fluency rate and rhythm of speaking (161)
specific language impairment a language disorder that has no apparent cause and is not related to any physical or intellectual disability (161)
organic disorders disorder caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person (162)
functional disorders disorders with no identifiable organic or neurological cause (162)
congenital disorder a disorder that occurs at or before birth (162)
acquired disorder a disorder that occurs well after birth (162)
bilingual someone who uses two languages equally well (164)
bidialectal someone who uses two variations of a language (164)
System of Augmenting Language (SAL) focuses on augmented input of language (172
Created by: aja43090